North Korean Flag
History of the North Korean Flag
The North Korea flag, first introduced in 1948, is a three color flag that comprises of a red horizontal stripe across the center, the red stripe is bordered by a thin white stripe both above and below, these white stripes are bordered by two thicker blue stripes. To the left of the central red stripe is a white circle with a five pointed red star in the center.
The North Korea flag can be hung both horizontally and vertically, the vertical display has the red star rotated to ensure the two lower points of the star point towards the base of the white circle, mirroring the same configuration of the horizontal display.
The red star is said to symbolize communism and has been used by various communist nations through history. Although the meaning of the star has been refuted by the North Korean government, the flag itself was designed by the Soviet Union during it's occupation of North Korea from 1945 to 1948. Over the years the government has moved away from a communist and/or socialist style of leadership and has adopted the Marxist-Leninist philosophy of Juche, an ideology of self reliance.
Since gaining its independence from the Soviet Union in 1948, the country has been led by the Kim dynasty. Kim Il-Sung served as the first leader of the Kim dynasty from 1948 to his death in 1994, upon his death his son, Kim Jong-il became the countries Supreme Leader. Kim Jong-il passed away in 2011, at which point his son Kim Jong-un became the new Supreme Leader of North Korea. In 2013 Kim Jong-un passed a law stating that only the Kim dynasty will lead the Korean Workers Party, the name given to the founding and ruling political party of North Korea.
For the last seventy years, North Korea has had a strained relationship with the outside world. A poor record of human rights violations, and military threats to other nations has led to severe sanctions from the world’s wealthiest nations.
Upon the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States of America, tensions between the two countries have increased, with threats of attacks and violent rhetorics being made by both sides. In May 2018, Kim Jong-un had an historic meeting with the leader of South Korea, Moon Jae-in, paving the way for peace talks to start between the two nations. Later the same month, as promised, Kim Jong-un began the denuclearization of North Korea's nuclear program.
In popular media in the western world, North Korea has been the subject of ridicule through films like, Team America: World Police, and more recently The Interview with James Franco and Seth Rogen. In 2014, a large cyber attack against Sony Pictures was blamed on North Korea, the claim suggests they were trying to stop the release of the "The Interview." The film was delayed but eventually released in 2014.