History of the Arkansas Flag
The Arkansas State Flag features a red field with a large white diamond in the center of it that is bordered with a thick blue band. In the center of the diamond is the word "Arkansas" written across it with four blue stars (one star above it and three stars below it). In the blue border of the diamond, are 25 small stars spanning it. The diamond on the flag represents Arkansas as "the only diamond-bearing state in the union." The 25 stars around the border of the diamond represent Arkansas being the 25th state to join the union. The blue star above the word Arkansas represents the Confederate States which Arkansas joined from 1861-1865. The three stars below "Arkansas" have three different meanings: The three stars represent Spain, France, and the United States of America, which are all nations that had control of Arkansas at one point. The three stars represent the "Louisiana Purchase" which bought Arkansas into the United States of America.
The three stars represent Arkansas as the third state that was formed by the Louisiana Purchase, following Louisiana and Missouri. The Arkansas State Flag was adopted on February 26th, 1913 and uses the three colors of the United States of America flag to represent that Arkansas is part of it. The flag was designed by Ms. Willie Hocker, who was a member of the Pine Bluff Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution.
Arkansas is a Southeastern state that shares borders with Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The capital city is called Little Rock and is the most populated city in the state. The name Little Rock is derived from "La Petite Roche" which is a rock formation along the river. The name Arkansas is derived from the word "Arkansa" which described one of the early tribes in the area called the Quapaws. Arkansas translates as "Southwind." Arkansas is one of the few states that has had many nicknames which include, the "Bear State," the "Toothpick State," the "Wonder State," the "Land of Opportunity" and the "Natural State." It was referred to as the Bear State due to the high population of Louisiana black bears in the first half of the 19th century.
It was named toothpick state due to the early custom of men who carried sheathes or belt-knives. It was named the Wonder State by Governor Charles H. Brough as he wrote about the beautiful sights and attractions as he traveled around, and the Land of opportunity name was created when the committee of 100 were trying to change the state imagine and used "Land of Opportunity" as the catchphrase. The current nickname, the Natural State came in the 1980 when the Parks System in Arizona were trying to promote the state to highlight the beautiful and diverse landscape.
Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, Arkansas became a separate territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836.