History of the Maryland Flag
The Maryland State Flag is divided into quarters and consists of the heraldic banner of George Calvert who was the first Lord Baltimore. The top left-hand quarter and bottom right-hand corner feature a black and gold design and the remaining two quarters feature a red and white design. The black and gold design is taken from the coat of arms from the Calvert Line and was rewarded to George Calvert for his attack during a battle and the red and white design is derived from the coat of arms from the Crossland Line, who were the family of Lord Baltimore's mother. As his mother was an heiress, he was able to use both coats of arms on the Maryland State Flag. The Maryland State Flag was adopted on March 9th, 1904 and is the only state flag in the United States of America that is based on English heraldry.
Maryland is a state located in the Mid Atlantic Region of the United States of America and shares borders with Pennsylvania, Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, Delaware, West Virginia, and the Atlantic Ocean. Maryland was named after Henrietta Maria of France who was the Queen consort of England. The capital city is called Annapolis and the largest city is called Baltimore. Due to its wide and diverse range of land such as marshlands, mountains, forests, beaches etc. it is known as "America in Miniature" and it is also considered to be the "birthplace of religious freedom in the USA." Maryland is also referred to as "The Old Line State" and was given this name by General George Washington after the "Maryland Line" who were soldiers that fought in many of the Revolutionary Wars. It is also known as "The Free State" and has been known as that since November 1st, 1864, when slavery was abolished.
The first Inhabitants of Maryland were hunter gatherers. The first European to explore the area was Venetian John Cabot in 1498. The first settlements were established in 1634 when the English arrived. In 1632, King Charles I of England gave George Calvert the "royal charter" for the colony of Maryland. George Calvert's son Cecil inherited the land following Calvert's death and his brother Leonard led settlers to Maryland and established St. Mary's, which was the capital of Maryland for a number of years. In 1776, Maryland joined with other colonies of the United States of America trying to declare independence from Britain. Maryland officially became the 7th state of the United States of America on April 28th, 1788.
Maryland has many important historic and religious buildings, yet, the most popular tourist attraction in Maryland is the National Aquarium that was built on August 8th, 1981 and has approximately 1.5 million visitors a year. It is home to over 750 species of fish and 17,000 specimens.