History of the Iowa Flag
The Iowa State Flag features three vertical bands in the colors of blue, white and red. The central white band is twice the width of the other two bands. In the center of the white band is an eagle that is holding a ribbon in its beak which writes "Our Liberties we Prize and Our Right We Will Maintain" which is the state motto. Below the eagle, the word "Iowa" is written in red letters. The blue, white, and red color are the colors that are used on the French flag and represent Iowa's history when it was part of French Louisiana. The blue color represents the loyalty, justice, and truth, the white color represents purity, and the red color represents courage and bravery. The bald eagle is a national symbol of the United States of America as well as representing strength. The word "Iowa" written in red represents the courage shown and sacrifice given by the men that fought in the war. The Iowa State Flag was designed by Mrs. Dixie Cornell Gerbhardt of the Daughters of the American Revolution. The flag was adopted on March 12th, 1921 which was 75 years after Iowa had officially become a State, but the United States of America flag was used instead.
Iowa is a Midwestern State in the United States of America. It shares borders with Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Minnesota. The most populated city and capital city is called Des Moines which was named after the Des Moines River in Iowa. Des Moines is derived from the French Colonial name "Riviere des Moines" which translates as "River of the Monks." Iowa is referred to as "The Hawkeye State" to honor "Chief Black Hawk" who was an Indian Leader and Warrior.
Iowa was first inhabited approximately 13,000 years ago by American-Indians who were hunters and gatherers. They were established farmers by the time the Europeans arrived as well as other tribes occupying the area which included the Sauk and Fox, Sioux tribes, Iowa, and Otoe. The first Europeans known to arrive to the area were the French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet in 1673. In 1682, French explorer Robert De La Salle claimed the area for France as part of Louisiana until 1763. The first permanent settlement in the area was "Dubuque" that was established in 1788. During this period, the French transferred some ownership to the Spanish and the British who both established posts along the Mississippi River and the Des Moines River. In 1803, following the Louisiana Purchase (the United States of America bought the Louisiana territory for 15 million Dollars), Iowa became part of the United States of America. In 1812 Iowa became part of the Missouri territory and in 1838, the territory of Iowa was established. Iowa became the 29th official state on December 28th, 1846.