History of the Maine Flag
The Maine State Flag features a blue field with Maine's coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms is a shield that has a moose resting on the land, by the sea, under a pine tree. There is a farmer and a seaman on each side of the shield and at the top is the North Star on a ribbon that writes "Dirigo" which translates as "I lead." Underneath the shield, is a blue ribbon with "Maine" written on it. The color blue that is used on the flag is the same color that is used on the flag of the United States of America. The farmer and the seaman represent Maine's strong ties to agriculture and the sea. The pine tree represents the natural richness of Maine and is also Maine's State tree, the moose is Maine's state animal and the north star represents unity and leadership. The Maine state flag was adopted on June 16th, 1909.
Maine is a state in the New England region (the largest of the New England States) of the United States of America. It shares borders with New Hampshire, Atlantic Ocean, New Brunswick, and Quebec. The capital of Maine is called Augusta. Maine is home to more forest land than anywhere else in the United States of America, it covers approximately 90% of the land. Maine is divided into three regions which are, the Atlantic Ocean Coastal Lowlands, Central Uplands, and Appalachian Mountains. It is thought that the name Maine derives from the word "mainland." Maine is also referred to as "The Pine Tree State" due to the extensive pine forests that it is home to as well as the Pine being the State emblem. It is occasionally referred to as "The Lumber State" as Maine is one of the leading producers of lumber products.
The earliest inhabitants of Maine arrived approximately 12,000 years ago and were native American tribes that included, the Micmac tribe, The Abenaki, Penobscot, and Maliseet people. The first European to visit the area was Italian explorer Giovanni de Verrazzano in 1524 who claimed the land for France. The first European settlement was on St. Croix Island by Pierre du Gaust and Samuel de Chaplain in 1604.
In 1607, English colonists established a settlement (The Popham Colony at Phippsburg) in Maine but left it the following year. Between 1615-1795, there was much conflict between the French and the English for ownership of the land. In 1652, it became part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Following the America Revolutionary War and the French defeat, Maine became part of the United States of America as part of Massachusetts, even though the people of Maine wanted their own state. On March 15th, 1820, Maine officially became the 23rd state of the United States of America.