New Jersey Flag
History of the New Jersey Flag
The New Jersey State Flag features a "buff" colored field (pale yellow color) with the states coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms features a shield with three plows, a forward facing helmet above the shield, and a horse's head as the crest of the helmet. On the left side of the shield is the figure of Liberty and on the right side of the shield is the figure of Ceres. Underneath the shield is a ribbon with "Liberty and Prosperity" written on it (the state's motto), as well as "1776," (the year of statehood). The three plows on the shield represent the agriculture of New Jersey, the helmet facing forward represents sovereignty, and the state governing itself and the horse's head represents speed and strength as well as being the state animal.
Liberty was the goddess of personification and Ceres was the goddess of agriculture, fertility, and motherly relationships. Liberty is holding a staff with the "liberty cap" (a soft conical cap) and Ceres is holding a "cornucopia" (a large horn shaped container with produce overflowing from it). The New Jersey State Flag is the only state flag that has a "buff" colored field and the color originated from the uniforms worn by the New Jersey regiments. It was adopted on March 26th, 1896.
New Jersey is a state that is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America and is the 4th smallest state. It shares borders with New York, the Atlantic Ocean, Delaware River, Pennsylvania, and Delaware Bay. The capital city is called Trenton and the largest city is called Newark. New Jersey is also known as "The Garden State" and was given this name by Abraham Browning of Camden because "Mr Browning compared Jersey to an imminent barrel, filled with good things to eat and open at both ends, with Pennsylvania grabbing from one end and the New Yorkers from the other. He called New Jersey the garden state, and the name has clung ever since.
New Jersey has been inhabited for thousands of years and was inhabited by the Native Americans Lenni-Lenape (also known as Delaware Indians or Delaware Nation). The first European to explore the area was Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524. In 1609, the Dutch explorer Henry Hudson claimed the land for the Dutch and it was referred to as the New Netherlands. The Dutch and the Swedish settlers moved here and eventually the English began to settle her, resulting in there being more English than Dutch. In 1664, an English fleet took control of the area and it was given to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
During this period, the land was divided into two sections – East Jersey and West Jersey. West Jersey was occupied by Quakers and East Germany was occupied by Puritans until the two sections were united in 1702. In 1776 during the 13 colonies revolt against Britain, New Jersey was used as a battling ground as it was between New York and Philadelphia. Following the Revolutionary War, New Jersey officially became the third state on December 18th, 1787.