History of the Louisiana Flag
The Louisiana State Flag features a blue field with a big white mother pelican in the center of it, feeding her three young with her blood. Underneath the pelican, the state motto is written "Union Justice Confidence." The pelican (that is depicted wounding herself to feed her young) is a medieval symbol that is known as the "pelican in her piety" and it represents self-sacrifice and dedication to progress. It was also believed by very early settlers that pelicans would tear at their breast to be able to feed their young if food was scarce. The pelican is a very important symbol in Louisiana and has been since the 1800s and is used on the state seal as well as the flag. The Louisiana State Flag was adopted on July 1st, 1912.
Louisiana is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States of America. It shares borders with Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas, and the Gulf of Mexico. The capital and second largest city is called Baton Rouge. The largest city that Louisiana is home to is called New Orleans and it is home to the historic park where Louisiana was made part of USA territory. Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France and it is often referred to as "The Pelican State" due to the abundance of brown pelicans that can be found along the coast as well as the fact that the brown pelican is the state animal and a very important symbol. Louisiana is also sometimes referred to as "The Bayou State" due to its many slow and sluggish rivers as well as "The Sugar State" due to the sugar cane that is grown here.
The first inhabitants of Louisiana were Native American tribes which included the Choctaw, Natchez, Chitimacha, and Atakapa. Europeans first explored the area that is now Louisiana in 1528, during the Panfilo de Narvaez expedition when the mouth of the Mississippi River was located. In the 17th Century, the French and French Canadians established a foothold on the Mississippi River.
The first permanent settlement in Louisiana was the Fort Maurepas which was established in 1669 by French officer Pierre Le Moyne D'lberville. In 1682, Robert Cavelier de La Salle named the area Louisiana which translates to (related to Louis) and the City of Natchitoches was established in 1714. In 1718, the French Quarter (Vieux Carre which translates as Old Square) which is now located in New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne and New Orleans was developed around this. In 1763, the Spanish took control of Louisiana but returned it to the French in 1800. In 1803, Louisiana became a territory of the United States of America during the Louisiana purchase, and as a result of this, the size of the United States of America doubled. Following the Louisiana purchase, Louisiana was a territory of New Orleans until it became the official 18th state of the United States of America on April 6th, 1812.