North Carolina Flag
History of the North Carolina Flag
The North Carolina State Flag features two equal horizontal bands in the colors of red and white and on the left-hand side of the flag is a blue vertical band. In the blue band, there is a white star and on the left side is the letter "N" and on the right side of the star is the letter "C." Above the star there is a yellow scroll which writes "May 20th, 1775" and below the star is a yellow scroll that writes "April 12th, 1776." The colors that are used on the flag are the same colors that are used on the flag of the United States of America. The date May 20th, 1775 is in reference to the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (a document that was signed on May 20th, 1775 by the citizens of North Carolina declaring independence from Great Britain – the first of the 13 colonies to declare independence). The date April 12th, 1776 is in reference to the Halifax Resolves (the official action that was taken by the colony to declare independence from Great Britain). The "N" and the "C" in the blue band stand for North Carolina. The North Carolina State Flag was adopted in March 1885.
North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States of America. It shares borders with South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, and the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of North Carolina is called Raleigh and the largest city is called Charlotte. North Carolina was named after King Charles I of England and its capital, Raleigh, was named after Sir Walter Raleigh. North Carolina is also referred to as "The Tar Heel State" because it is thought that the workers in the state used to sell tar, pitch, and turpentine from the long leaf pine trees that North Carolina is home too. It is also sometimes referred to as "The Old North State," a title it obtained after the Carolina colony divided into North Carolina and South Carolina North Carolina was inhabited with Native American tribes which include, Cherokee, Catawba, Tuscarora, and Croatan.
The first European to arrive to the area was Spanish explorer Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524, followed by Spanish explorer Juan Pardo who founded the fort San Juan in 1567. In 1584, English explorers Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrived in the area under the instruction of Sir Walter Raleigh to find land in North America for Queen Elizabeth I to claim. During this period, the English established the Roanoke Colony which was the first European colony in North America and it was led by John White. John White returned to England for more supplies, and when he returned to North Carolina, the colony had disappeared. It is still unknown today what happened to the colony. During the late 1600s and 1700s, more English were moving and settling to North Carolina and in 1705 the first permanent town was established in Bath. With more English moving to the area, the Tuscarora tribe began to revolt against this and in 1711, the Tuscarora war began but in 1713, the tribe were defeated. In 1776, North Carolina signed the declaration of independence and on November 21st, 1789, it officially became the 12th state of the United States of America.