History of the Hawaii Flag
The Hawaii State Flag features eight horizontal bands in alternating colors of red, white, and blue. In the top left-hand corner of the flag is the "Union Jack" (flag of the United Kingdom). Hawaii is the only flag that features a flag of a foreign country. The eight bands on the flag represent the eight major islands of Hawaii which are Hawai'i, Maui, Kaho'olawe, Lana'I, Moloka'i, O'ahu, Kaua'I, and Ni'hau). The Union Jack on the flag represents the friendly relationship between the United Kingdom and Hawaii and the Union Jack was unofficially used as the flag of Hawaii until 1816. The Hawaii State flag was specifically designed to be a combination of the flag of the United States of America and the Union Jack.
Hawaii is a South Eastern State that is located in Oceania. It is one of two states that does not share borders with any other United States of America states (the other one being Alaska). It is also the only state that is composed of just islands and the only state that is outside North America. The largest and capital city of Hawaii is called Honolulu which translates as "sheltered harbor" or "calm port." Hawaii is referred to as "The Aloha State" as "Aloha" has various meanings which include love, affection, peace, compassion, mercy, hello and goodbye, and is the most used word in Hawaii and often used as a greeting.
It is thought that history of Hawaii began sometime between 124-800 BC with Polynesian Settlements. The first European to arrive to the area of Hawaii was British explorer James Cook in 1778. Following James Cook's visit to the area, he named the islands "Sandwich Islands" after John Montague (the 4th Earl of Sandwich). Europeans soon began to arrive on the islands as a result of the publications James Cook released describing the islands. In 1795, King Kamehameha I, joined and united the islands to become one single state which was the "Kingdom of Hawaii" between 1795-1893. In 1893, the "Kingdom of Hawaii" became the "Republic of Hawaii" for a short period and in 1898, the government agreed to join the United States of America as the "Territory of Hawaii." The islands became an official state on August 21st, 1959 and the 50th state of the United states of America. Hawaii was one of the few states that was independent before it became a state (the others include Vermont, Texas, and California).
Hawaii is home to some of the most famous and renowned beaches for their beauty, white sand, and crystal clear waters. The most famous beach in Hawaii is Waikiki Beach. At the end of Waikiki is another very famous landmark (declared a USA national natural landmark) which is called "Diamond Head" and is an extinct volcano. It was named this due to the fact that traders believed that the crater had diamonds. Another famous landmark in Hawaii is the "USS Arizona Memorial" at Pearl Harbor. It is the burial place of 102 sailors and marines that lost their lives during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.