History of the Texas Flag
The Texas State Flag features two horizontal bands in the colors of white and red. On the left-hand side of the flag is a vertical blue band with a white 5-pointed star in the center of it. The colors that are used on the flag are the same colors that are used on the United States of America flag.
The color blue represents loyalty, the color white represents purity, and the color red represents bravery. The star on the flag represents Texas and the "unity as one for God, state and country." The five points of the star represent the characteristics that a good citizen should have which are, fortitude, loyalty, righteousness, prudence and broadmindedness. The Texas state flag is also known as the "Lone Star Flag" and was adopted on January 25th, 1839.
Texas is a state (the second largest state) located in the South-Central region of the United States of America. It shares borders with New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico, and Mexico. The capital city is called Austin. The largest city is called Houston and the second largest is called San Antonio. The name "Texas" is derived from the Caddo-Indian word "Taysha" which translates as "friends."
Texas is the only state that was an independent republic before it joined the United States of America. Texas is also referred to as "The Lone Star State" to represent the importance of it being an independent republic The area of Texas has been inhabited for approximately 16,700 years.
Before the Europeans arrived in the area, it was occupied by Native American Tribes, such as, Akokisa, Karankawa, Mogollan, and Caddo. In 1528, shipwrecked Spanish explorer Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca became the first European to arrive to the area. Cabeza de Vaca wrote about gold that he had found which inspired more Spanish to explore there, despite not finding any gold. Europeans did not begin to settle in Texas until 1685, when the French claimed the land following Robert de La Salle establishing Fort St. Louis. The French did not have control for very long as the Spanish settled Texas by establishing Catholic missions. The first Catholic mission that was established was in 1718 in San Antonio and became known as "The Alamo."
In 1803, following the Louisiana Purchase, the American authorities insisted that the agreement had to include Texas and it came under the control of the United States of America. In 1821, after the Mexican War of Independence, the Texas territory became a part of Mexico and it was referred to as "Coahuila y Tejas."
In 1825, with Mexico's approval, American Samuel Austin established a colony to which he brought approximately 300 families and Americans. Eventually, the Americans began rebelling against the Mexican authorities, resulting in the Texas Revolution in 1835.
At the battle of Alamo in 1836, the Americans suffered a heavy defeat, which only encouraged them to rebel more, and on March 2nd, 1836, the Republic of Texas was formed. Despite being independent, Texas was still open to attack until General Sam Houston convinced the leaders to join the United States of America for protection and on December 29th , 1845, Texas officially became the 28th state.