History of the Oregon Flag
The Oregon State Flag is unique in the United States as it has two different designs on its obverse and reverse sides. Both are situated on a navy-blue background, and are colored gold. These are the state colors of Oregon. The flag's obverse side has the state's seal in the center, with STATE OF OREGON above and 1859 below. Around the seal are 39 stars, representing Oregon's position as the 39th State of the Union. It became such in 1859. On the reverse side of the flag is a beaver, Oregon's state animal.
The original Oregon State Flag was hand sewn by Marjorie Kennedy and Blanche Cox, employees at a Meier & Frank department store in Portland, Oregon in 1925. Meier & Frank were a very important part of Oregon's development, opening stores across the Pacific Northwest from 1857 onwards. There have been two attempts to change the flag's design, in 2009 and 2013. Both failed.
Oregon is the 9th largest of the United States of America. It is situated in the country's Pacific Northwest region, bounded partly by the Columbia River to the north, the Snake River to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Across Columbia is Washington state, and Idaho across the Snake. Oregon is separated to the south from California and Nevada at the 42º N parallel. Its largest city is Portland, and its capital city Salem. Although one of the largest states in the USA, Oregon's population is only the Union's 27th biggest. Most of its population live in the greater Portland area, which is noted for its unique way of life, embracing new technology with a very light-hearted attitude. In much of the west of the state, the logging industry dominates the economy.
The state of Oregon began as an autonomous region called Oregon Country in 1843. As the USA consolidated, it created Oregon Territory in 1848, and Oregon gained statehood 11 years later. Oregon has huge natural resources, the most important of which is its forests. The logging industry is central to Oregon's economy, as it has been since the state's foundation. These immense forests are only a part of Oregon's attractions for visitors. It has a wide range of climates, including volcanoes, enormous lakes, as well as high level deserts and shrublands.