Rhode Island Flag
History of the Rhode Island Flag
The Rhode Island State Flag has a white background with mainly golden features in its center. These are a circular formation of 13 stars surrounding a golden anchor, with a dark blue banner beneath it. On the banner is the word HOPE, spelled out in gold. Hope and Anchor is a reference to the biblical quotation "hope we have as an anchor of the soul," testament to the state's Christian founders. The 13 stars arranged around the hope and anchor design represent Rhode Island's place as one of the founding 13 states of the USA.
The Rhode Island State Flag is based on a design by its founders, Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. They were English Puritan ministers who left England to find religious freedom in what became New England in the 17th Century. Williams received a Royal Charter to use the Anchor design is his own seal in 1644. He added "Hope" to the anchor seal he had used as the flag of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, which he established in 1636. This is still the state's official name. Williams had fled religious persecution in neighboring Massachusetts.
Rhode Island is the smallest of the United States of America. Although it is the 7th least populated, it is also the 2nd most densely populous. Covering an area of just 1,214 square miles, it has a population of more than a million people. Situated in the far north east of the USA, much of the state is dominated by the Atlantic Ocean and Rhode Island’s many waterways which feed into it. The south and east of the state has many islands, and part of it is on the North American mainland, separated by the sea. Rhode Island's largest and capital city is Providence, located in the north east of the state.
By the time of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, Rhode Island was a long-established colony. Providence especially played a big part in achieving the USA's independence from the British empire. As the state's flag shows, Rhode Island was one of the 13 founding States of the Union. It is known as the Ocean State, as it has a huge coastline for such a small state. Narragansett Bay dominates the east of the state, and forms part of a lowland region, while the west of the state rises into the New England Upland. Rhode Island is also part of the Northeastern Coastal Forests Ecoregion.