History of the Vermont Flag
The Vermont State Flag features a field of blue with the Vermont Coat of Arms in the center of it. The coat of arms features a shield with a pine tree in the center with a cow to the right of it and three sheaves of wheat to the left of it.
The Green Mountains are in the background, and at the top of the shield is a deer's head. At the bottom of the shield is a red scroll which writes "Freedom, Vermont, Unity." There are two pine branches that are crossed between the shield and the scroll. The pine tree represents the Vermont forests, the cow represents Vermont's dairy industry, the three sheaves of wheat represent Vermont's agriculture, the deer's head represents the wildlife, and the Green Mountains represent Vermont's landscape. The pine branches around the shield represent the pine branches that the soldiers wore at the battle of Plattsburgh.
The Vermont State Flag was adopted on June 1st, 1923. Vermont is a state located in the New England Region of the United States of America. It shares borders with Canada, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and New York. The capital city is called Montpelier and the largest city is called Burlington. The majority of Vermont is covered by mountains and forests with the most famous mountain range being the Green Mountains. The name Vermont is derived from the French words "Vert" and "Mont" which translate as Green Mountain, and it is also referred to as "The Green Mountain State."
Vermont is considered to be the safest state in the United States of America. Vermont was inhabited for thousands of years by Native American tribes such as, the Abenaki, the Mohican, the Pennacook, the Pocomtuc, and the Massachusett.
The first European to arrive to the area was the French explorer Samuel de Champlain (he named the mountains "vert mont" on his map in 1647) and he claimed the area for France in 1609. In 1666, the first European settlement was established by the French which was "Fort Sainte Anne." In 1724, the British arrived and established the settlement "Fort Dummer." In 1754, war broke out between the French and the English, both trying to gain control of the area, which was known as the French and Indian War.
Both sides joined with different Indian tribes. The French and Indian War ended in 1763, when the British defeated the French and gained control of Vermont.
In 1775, at the start of the American Revolution, Vermont joined as they wanted to gain independence and the "Green Mountain Boys" who were a group of Vermont Settlers were led by Ethan Allen to capture the British Fort Ticonderoga. In 1777, Vermont declared itself an independent republic and in January 1791, it officially became the 14th state (first state after the original thirteen colonies) of the United States of America.