History of the Massachusetts Flag
The Massachusetts State Flag features a while field with the state's coat of arms in the center of it. The coat of arms features a figure of a Native American holding a bow and arrow (pointing downwards), to the side of the figure is a white 5-pointed star, at the top of the shield is a bent arm holding a sword (pointing upwards) with a blue ribbon around the shield that reads "Ense Petit Placidam, Sub Libertate Quietem" which translates as "By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty." The arrow pointing downwards represents peace, the white 5-pointed star represents Massachusetts as the 6th state of the United States of America and the bent arm at the top of the shield represents the philosophy that "one would rather lose their right arm than live under tyranny" as well as representing the Latin saying that is written in the ribbon. The sword blade pointing upwards is to remind people that liberty was won through the American Revolution. The Massachusetts State Flag was officially adopted in 1901, even though it was unofficially used during the American Revolution.
Massachusetts is a state in the New England Region of the United States of America. It shares borders with the Atlantic Ocean, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Vermont, Rhode Island and New York. The capital and most populous city is called Boston which is also one of the oldest cities in the United States of America. Massachusetts is referred to as "The Bay State" as the earliest settlements were made in the area of Cape Cod Bay. People that come from or live in Massachusetts are often referred to as "Bay Staters."
The earliest inhabitants of Massachusetts were American Native Tribes, such as the Wampanoag, Narragansett, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc, Mahican, and Massachusett. The first English settlers were the Pilgrims (puritans who were hoping to find religious freedom in the New World) in 1620 who arrived via the Mayflower (an English ship that transported the pilgrims to the New World) and established the Plymouth Colony. In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in Boston.
Over the years, there were many conflicts between the native American tribes and the colonies and a number of battles. In 1691, Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony combined to form the area of Massachusetts. As the colony and area grew, the British began to demand taxes from the American colonists to which they protested which led to various battles including the "Boston Massacre" (British soldiers attacked the colonists, resulting in 5 deaths) in 1770 and the "Boston Tea Party" (American colonists protested by dumping tea into Boston Harbor) in 1773. It was the Boston Tea Party that initiated the American Revolution. Following the American Revolution, Massachusetts officially became the 6th state of the United States of America on February 6th, 1788.