History of the California Flag
The California State Flag features a white field with a horizontal red band at the bottom of the flag with "California Republic" written above it and a brown grizzly bear on a patch of green grass above it. On the left-hand side, above the bear is a red 5-pointed star. The star represents sovereignty, the red color represents bravery and courage and the white color represents purity. The bear is very symbolic to California and is the official state animal as it represents strength. It is thought that the Grizzly bear is on the state flag in tribute to "Monarch" who was the last wild grizzly bear on the California state. The California State Flag was first raised in 1846 during the revolt against Mexican rule, yet it was not officially adopted until 1911. It is often referred to as the "Bear Flag."
California is a state located in the Pacific Region of the United States of America. It is the third largest state in the United States of America and shares borders with Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. The capital city is called Sacramento and the largest city is called Los Angeles which is also the second largest city in the United States of America. California is also known as the "Golden State" due to the gold rush (when gold was found in 1849, over 100,000 people rushed there to seek their gold) or due to the golden poppies which is the state flower.
The first European that reached the land was Spanish explorer Joao Rodrigues Cabrilho in 1542. Following the Portola Expedition (the first recorded Spanish entry and exploration of California) in 1769-1770, the Spanish began establishing forts and small towns (which were also known as pueblos) and Spanish colonization had begun. In 1821, following the Mexican War of Independence, Mexico gained control of California until 1846 and the "Bear Flag Revolt" (resistance against Mexican control). In 1847, California became a territory of the United States of America and on September 9th, 1850, California officially became the 31st state.
California is one of the most visited American States with one of the main attractions being "Yosemite National Park" which is one of the most famous parks in the United States of America, known for its beautiful scenery of mountains, alleys and rivers. It is also home to the Yosemite Falls which are the tallest waterfalls in the United States of America and made of up of three separate falls – Yosemite Fall, Middle Cascades and Lower Yosemite Falls. California is also home to the famous San Francisco Golden Gate Bridge which is one of the most recognized symbols of California as well as one of the wonders of the Modern world. The famous amusement park Disneyland can be found in California as well as a selection of beautiful beaches.