District of Columbia Flag
History of the Washington, D.C. Flag
The District of Columbia flag features a white background with two thick horizontal red stripes running across it. Above the top stripe is three red five-point stars. This design was created by Charles A. R. Dunn and is based on George Washington's Coat of Arms. Dunn was an illustrator from Washington, DC who became interested in the Washington, DC flag when he worked as an engraver on the 1917 issue of National Geographic Magazine entitled, "Our Flag Number." This magazine issue contained 1497 illustrations of flags from around the world. Because Washington DC had no official flag, The DC National Guard flag was featured in its place, which Dunn found to be unsatisfactory.
Years later, this issue stayed with him, and Dunn created a drawing of his proposed Washington DC flag, which he sent to the Washington Evening Star newspaper in 1924. Dunn was inspired by the Maryland State flag, whose design was based on the Coat of Arms of Lord Baltimore. He did not like state flags whose designs were comprised of the state seal on a blue background.
Later, in 1938 a flag contest was announced to select a design for the Washington DC Flag. Several other designs were submitted, however, on October 15, 1938, Charles A. R. Dunn's dream of creating the Washington DC Flag was realized when the Flag Commission and Fine Arts Commission held a joint meeting, where Dunn's design was selected as the winner.
The District of Columbia, commonly referred to as Washington D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. Washington D.C. is considered a territory of the United States and was created sto serve as the "government seat." Prior to its creation, the 13 Northern and Southern states wanted a capital that could represent all the states equally without bias. George Washington chose an area between Maryland and Virginia. The first piece of land was donated by Virginia (South of the Potomac River) and a second piece of land was donated by Maryland (North of the Potomac River). In 1847, Virginia's piece of land (known as Alexandria D.C) was returned and is now known as Arlington County. Since 1847, Washington D.C has been located on the North side of the river. Before Washington D.C. was built, it was designed and planned by Pierre L'Enfant who included many streets, parks and important buildings in the plan. Washington D.C officially joined the United States of America on July 16th, 1970. Washington is named in honor of George Washington and D.C (District of Columbia) was named in honor of Christopher Columbus. Washington D.C is referred to as "Our Nation's Capital" and sometimes known as the "political capital of the world." Prior to its creation, New York, Anneapolis, and Philadelphia all served as previous capitals of the country.
Washington D.C is one of the most popular tourist destinations in America with approximately 22 million visitors per year. It is visited mainly for its famous landmarks which include, The Lincoln Memorial, Washington Monument, and Jefferson Memorial. The Lincoln Memorial was built between 1914-1922 to honor Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. The Washington Monument was built to honor George Washington, the first president of the United States. The Washington Monument was built between 1848-1884 and is still one of the tallest stone structures in the world. The Jefferson Memorial was designed in 1925 and bears a strong resemblance to the Pantheon in Rome; the structure was built in honor of Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. The "Old Stone House" in Washington D.C is another popular tourist destination. Built in 1765, the "Old Stone House" is the oldest structure in Washington D.C. which is still standing on its original foundation.