History of the Minnesota Flag
The Minnesota State flag features a blue background filed with the seal of Minnesota in the center of it. The Seal of Minnesota features a Native American riding on horseback, a farmer plowing a field with an axe gun, and a powder horn on a stump nearby, a river and waterfall, three pine trees and the sun rising in the West. The seal has three dates woven in it which are 1858 (the year Minnesota became a state), 1819 (the year Fort Snelling was established) and 1893 (the year the original flag was adopted).
The state motto is written on the seal, "L'etoile du Nord" which translates as "Star of the North." In the outside wreath, the word Minnesota is written, and the wreath contains 19 stars. The Native American represents the Native American Heritage, the farmer plowing represents the agriculture, the axe, gun, and powder horn represent the tools used by farmers, and by the Native Americans for hunting and labor, the stump that the tools are on represent the lumber in Minnesota and the importance of it. The river and the waterfall represent the Mississippi River and St. Anthony Falls, and the three pine trees represent the three pine regions of St. Croix, Mississippi, and Lake Superior.
The 19 stars on the outside wreath represent that Minnesota was the 19th State to enter the union following the original 13 colonies. The largest star represents the North Star which is in reference to the state motto. The Minnesota State Flag was adopted on August 2nd, 1983.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and Northern Regions of the United States of America. It shares borders with Canada, Iowa, Lake Superior, Wisconsin, and North and South Dakota and is the 12th largest state. The capital city (as well as the second most populous city) is called Saint Paul. The largest city is called Minneapolis. Saint Paul and Minneapolis are often referred to as "The Twin Cities" and were built on each side of the Mississippi River. Minnesota is also known as "The North Star State" mainly due to the state motto (L'etoile du Nord).
Minnesota was originally inhabited by ancient cultures which included the Woodland people and the Mississippian culture as well as Native American tribes that included Ojibwa, Cree, Cheyenne, and Dakota Sioux (which was the largest tribe). The first Europeans to explore the area were Frenchmen Pierre Radisson and Medard des Groseilleirs during the 1650s who claimed the area for France.
In 1762, Minnesota became part of the Spanish Louisiana. Following the American Revolutionary War in 1783, a portion of the Mississippi River (East side) became part of the United States of America and in 1803, they purchased the rest of Minnesota from France in the Louisiana purchase. The first major American outpost was Fort Snelling that was completed in 1825. Minnesota became an official state of the United States of America on May 11th, 1858.