History of the Oklahoma Flag
The Oklahoma State Flag has a sky-blue background with a central pictorial emblem. This consists mainly of a number of Native American artifacts. The blue background itself refers to a flag borne by Choctaw soldiers in the American Civil War, or War Between the States. The main feature of the central emblem is a circular Osage battle shield, made from buffalo skin and adorned with eagle feathers. The shield is also decorated with crosses representing stars, a Native American sign of high hopes. Diagonally crossed in front of the shield are a calumet, or peace pipe, and an olive branch. Underneath the emblem is the word OKLAHOMA in white.
The flag was designed by Louise Fluke, who won a competition organized by the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) to redesign the flag in 1924. Louise studied Oklahoma's history and came up with her strongly Native American based design. It was adopted by the Oklahoma state legislature on March 25th, 1926.
Oklahoma is the 20th largest of the United States of America. It is situated in the south-central part of the country, and is bounded by the Red River to the south. The name Oklahoma derives from the words "okla" and "humma," meaning Red People. Oklahoma is a landlocked state, bounded by Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, and New Mexico. Its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City, which is almost directly in the center of the state. Its other major city is Tulsa, in the north east of the state. The state straddles the Cross Timbers, Great Plains, and US Interior Highland regions. It is very vulnerable to extreme weather conditions.
In 1803, what is now Oklahoma was part of the Louisiana Purchase, where the USA bought all French territories west of the Mississippi River. It was then part of what the USA called Arkansas Territory. As its State Flag suggests, Oklahoma was home to many Native American groups. One of the most important was the Choctaw Nation, which became subject to the first major removal of Native American peoples from their ancestral lands. Oklahoma was recognized by the Union as its 46th State on November 16th, 1907. It is a major source of oil production. Its vast territory is admired by tourists for its western mountain ranges, central mesas. and eastern forests. It is a truly historic, diverse state, both culturally and geographically.