History of the Illinois Flag
The Illinois State Flag features a white field with the seal of Illinois in the center. Underneath the seal, "Illinois" is written. The Illinois Seal features a bald eagle with a red ribbon in its beak that has the motto "State, Sovereignty, National Union" written on it. The eagle is sitting on a rock that has "1818" and "1868" inscribed on it. To the left of the rock is a shield that features thirteen alternative red and white vertical bands with thirteen stars above them. There is land and water (with a sun rising out of it) surrounding the eagle. The bald eagle is a national symbol of the United States of America, the state sovereignty represents that Illinois rules itself despite being under the government of the United States of America. The thirteen stripes and stars on the shield represent the thirteen original colonies. The land and sea represent the states resources (rich land), as well as its many rivers and the dates on the rock represent when Illinois were admitted to the Union (1918) and the date the seal was officially adopted (1868).
Illinois is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America. It borders Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Indiana, and Michigan. The capital city is called "Springfield." The most populous city in Idaho is called Chicago which is also the third most populous city in the United States of America. Idaho is divided into three regions, which are, The Central Plains, the Shawnee Hills, and the Gulf Coastal Plain. The Central Plains make up 90% of Illinois and are rolling fertile plains, the Shawnee Hills are narrow strips of land in Southern Illinois with rivers and forests and the Gulf Coastal Plains are at the Southern tip and are hilly areas. Illinois is referred to as "The Prairie State." A lot of the prairies in Illinois have been destroyed due to urban development and agriculture but approximately a tenth of them still remain and during the third week of September every year, "Prairie Week" is celebrated to remind people and demonstrate the importance of preserving and re-establishing Illinois' ecosystem.
The first inhabitants of Illinois are thought to be American Indians who lived along the waterways for approximately 7,000 years. The first Europeans to arrive to the area were the French explorers, Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673 but following the French and Indian war, the area was given to the British. After the American Revolution, Illinois became a territory of the United States of America and it officially became the 21st State in 1818.
Illinois is home to one of the Great Lakes in the United States of America, "Lake Michigan" that it shares with Wisconsin, Indiana and Michigan. It is also home to the "Willis Tower" which is a skyscraper that was completed in 1973 and was the tallest building in the world.