History of the Andorran Flag
The Andorra flag features three vertical fields of blue, yellow, and red with the Andorra coat of arms in the center of the yellow panel.
The national flag of the Principality of Andorra was first accepted and adopted in 1866. From 1806 until 1866, the Andorra flag was of a bi color design of yellow and red.
Andorra is historically linked to France, Spain, Catalonia and Faux. It's history with these nations dates back to its supposed beginnings. Andorra's historical documents claim that they are the last independent survivor of the Marca Hispanica which were the "buffer states" created by Charlemagne to keep Islamic Moors from reaching and advancing into Christian France. It is believed that the Andoor's were given charter as payment for their help in fighting the Moors. The grandson of Charlemagne gave the title of Overlord of Andorra to the Count of Urgell in the 9th Century. One of the descendants of the count gave the lands to the Diocese of Urgell a few generations later.
In fear of military action by neighbouring lords, the Bishop of Urgell was placed under the protection of the lord of cabinet who was a Catalan Nobleman. Later, through marriage, the Count of Foix became the heir to the Lord of Cabinet which broke out a dispute between the Occitan Count and the Catalan Bishop as to who was the true heir over Andorra. In 1278, they came to an agreement to split the areas they would rule and to share in the progression of the people and country together. The Andorran's pay a tribute annually to the Queseida which is the co-rulers who were able to recognize the others equal principle rights and rule as one together. They pay homage by giving four hams, forty loaves of bread and a number of bottles of wine. Andorra's borders have remained unchanged since 1278.
In 1505, a woman named Germaine of Foix married a prince named Ferdinand the 5th of Castile. This meant that the lordship of Andorra was brought under Spanish rule. After a turbulent transition, in 1607, Henry the 4th handed his role as co-prince of Andorra back to the head of the French state. It was in 1793 when the French revolutionary government first refused the Andorran's traditional tribute and renounced its suzerainty. All this despite the Andorrans wanting the French protection and not just the Spanish customs to be left behind.
Andorra thankfully remained neutral during the Napoleonic wars but was used as a smuggling route from Spain into France during World War II.
The blue and red colors featured on the flag pay homage to France's colors and the yellow and red signify the countries connection to Spain, Catalonia and Faux. The wider yellow stripe in the middle is similar to that on the Catalan flag and on the arms of the old county Faux (which is now part of France). The Andorra Coat of Arms has a motto reading, Virtus Unita Fortior, which means "Virtue United is Stronger."
The Andorran flag is very similar to those of Romania, Moldova and Chad, except, their flags all have equally-sized tri color designs, whereas the the larger stripe in the middle of the Andorran flag distinguishes this flag as unique.
Andorra is a small country with no coast. Locked between Spain and France and is predominantly rugged mountains and valleys. Its area spans 480km squared and its seasons are slightly cooler than its neighbors.