History of the Zimbabwe Flag
The Flag of Zimbabwe features seven horizontal bands in the colors of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green. On the left-hand side of the flag is a triangle, pointing towards the center that features a bird on a 5-pointed red star in the center. The green color represents the rich agriculture of the country and the rural areas, the yellow color represents the wealth and the minerals of the country, the red color represents the "struggle for independence" and the blood shed during the first and the second Chimurenga Wars, and the black color represents the race, heritage, and ethnicity of the country. The white triangle represents peace and the eagle is the national emblem of the country and represents a statuette of a bird found at the great ruins of Zimbabwe. It also symbolizes the history of the country and the eagle "exemplifies the strong bond that ancestral humans had with animals, nature, and spiritual guides." The colors used on the flag of Zimbabwe are the Pan-African colors that represent the Unity of the African continent and Africa's independence.
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country that is located in Southern Africa and shares borders with Zambia, Botswana, South Africa, and Mozambique. The capital and largest city of Zimbabwe is called Harare. Zimbabwe translates as "big houses of stones" or "honorable houses." In 1888, Cecil John Rhodes formed the BSAC (British South Africa Company) and colonized Zimbabwe and in 1895, the country was referred to as Rhodesia. Zimbabwe was under British rule from 1890, until they reached independence in 1965. Between 1896-1897, the Ndebele-Shona (Bantu ethnic group) revolted against the British South Africa Company in what became known as the First Chimurenga (or second Matabele War) but were unsuccessful.
Zimbabwe is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world and the economy is very reliant on the production of goods such as coal, gold, steel, and cement and the export of products such as gold and tobacco. Zimbabwe is home to the largest gold and platinum reserves in the world. Tourism contributes slightly to the economy with the main attraction being the largest waterfalls in the world, Victoria Falls. Another main attraction is the Lake Kariba which is the largest man-made lake in the world and the Hwange National Park which is home to more animals and wildlife than anywhere else in Zimbabwe. The National Museum that is located in the country's second largest city, Bulawayo is considered to be one of the best museums on the continent and is home to many displays of the country's history and wealth as well as animals and wildlife, including the second largest mounted elephant. The Great Zimbabwe Ruins are another important attraction and are the largest ancient structure in Africa and collection of ruins.