History of the Malta Flag
The Malta Flag features two vertical bands in the colors of white and red. On the white band, in the top left-hand corner of the flag is the George Cross, which has a red border and the motto for "gallantry" written inside of it. The color red represents the sacrifices made and the blood shed defending the country and the color white represents peace, purity, and optimism. The George Cross is a symbol for the bravery and was presented to the country by George VI of England in 1942 as a result of their bravery during WWII. There are various interpretations of the colors that are used on the flag. It is thought that the colors were introduced and given to Malta in 1090 by Roger I of Sicily who took control of Malta following years of Muslim rule. It is also thought that red and white colors were taken from the Knights of Malta who ruled the island between 1530-1798, as they were the flag colors used. The Malta Flag was adopted on September 21st, 1964 (the day it gained independence from Britain), but the flag that was used between 1943-1964 was the same, except the George Cross was on a blue square in the top left-hand corner of the flag. The blue square was removed when the new Malta flag was adopted in 1964 to make it less noticeable.
Malta is an island country located in Europe and is one of the world's smallest countries. Its capital city is called Valletta. It is the smallest country capital in Europe, yet it is where over half of the Maltese population lives. Malta is made up of three main islands, which are Gozo, Comino, and Malta, the other islands are all uninhabited. Malta is a country that has been ruled by many different Empires and countries throughout the years, mainly due to its location. In Ancient history, it was part of the Roman Empire but when that collapsed, Malta faced invasion from the Arabs in 870AD and was under their rule until the Normans invaded in 1090AD. During the Normans rule, Christianity was re-introduced into the country, and all the Muslims were evacuated. Malta was regularly invaded by Turks which caused many conflicts and wars which provoked the natives to build fortresses and palaces to prevent further attacks.
In 1798, Napoleon took control of Malta and due to this, the Maltese invited Britain to the island and it was a British Colony for almost 200 years. Malta became a base for Britain during the war to attack the Italian navy and Germans. During WWI, Malta was referred to as the "Nurse of the Mediterranean" as all of the soldiers that were wounded were brought to the island. During WWII, Malta once again faced invasion and attack by Italy and German Nazi bombers until Italy surrendered to the British.
Malta is a very popular tourist destination due to its beaches and architecture, such as the Seven Megalithic Temples, which is one of the oldest structures in the world that is still standing.
Malta National Anthem
The Maltese Hymn (L-Innu Malti)
Guard her, O Lord, as ever Thou hast guarded!
This Motherland so dear whose name we bear!
Keep her in mind, whom Thou hast made so fair!
May he who rules, for wisdom be regarded!
In master mercy, strength in man increase!
Confirm us all, in unity and peace!