History of the Mongolian Flag
The Mongolian flag features three vertical bands in the colors of red, blue, and red. In the first red band, at the bottom is Mongolia's "Soyombo" symbol. The red color represents liberty and progress and the blue color is the traditional color of Mongolia and represents the sky. The Soyombo symbol is Mongolia's national emblem and holds great significance and importance to the people of Mongolia. The fire at the top of the symbol represents the prosperity of the country and the 3 flames of the fire represent the past, present and future. The sun and moon represent the universe and it is considered in Mongolia that the sun is the mother of the nation and the moon is the father of the nation. The two triangles that point downwards are arrowheads and represent the people's willingness to defend their country and the two rectangles (one below the triangle and one above the triangle) represent honesty and justice. The circle in the center of the flag is the Buddhist yin and yang symbol but it is also considered to be two fish that never close their eyes which is symbolic for the watchfulness and alertness of Mongolia. The two pillars on each side represent the strength and hardness of the country. The Mongolian flag was adopted on February 12th, 1992 and holds a strong resemblance to the Mongolia flag that was used in 1949, except the star has been removed from the current version.
Mongolia is a landlocked country in Eastern Asia that shares borders with Russia and China. The capital city of Mongolia is called Ulaanbaatar and is thought to be the world's coldest capital. It is a very mountainous country yet the Southern half of Mongolia mainly consists of the Gobi Desert. Mongolia is referred to as "Land of the Eternal Blue Sky" as it has approximately 260 days a year of sunshine. It is also referred to as "Land of the Horsemen" as horses play an important role in everyday life and the people of Mongolia state that "A Mongol without a horse, is like a bird without its wings." The number of horses in Mongolia even outweigh the number of people.
The great "Mongol Empire" was founded in 1206 by Genghis Khan. By the end of the 17th Century, the Qing dynasty had control of Mongolia until it collapsed in 1911 and Mongolia gained independence. After gaining independence, China thought that Mongolia was part of their territory and in 1919, Chinese troops occupied Mongolia until they finally gained independence from China on July 11th, 1921.
Mongolia is considered quite a poor country even though it does have a fast growing economy. It is not a very popular tourist destination currently, even though the number of tourists are increasing each year. The main attractions that tourists choose to visit include, the "Gandantegchinien Monastery" which translates as "Great Place of Complete Joy" and it is one of the most important Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries in Mongolia. Another big attraction for those that choose to visit is the "Erdene Zuu Monastery" which is the earliest surviving monastery that Mongolia is home to.