History of the Bulgarian Flag
The Bulgarian Flag features 3 horizontal bands of white, green, and red. The white color is a symbol for peace and love, the green represents the freedom of Bulgaria and agriculture and the red symbolizes the struggle for independence and the blood lost by the people of Bulgaria during this struggle. The Bulgarian flag was adopted on April 16th, 1979, following the Russo-Turkish war which resulted in Bulgaria gaining its independence.
Between the years of 1946-1990, the national emblem was added to the Bulgarian flag on the left side of the white stripe. However, following the collapse of communism in 1990, the original tri-color flag was once again adopted, on November 27th, 1990.
Bulgaria is located in South Eastern Europe and shares borders with Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea. It is a country with a rich history with its name originating from the Bulgar people, who were the first settlers of the region in 200AD.
In the 600's, the first Bulgarian state was formed, and it was ruled by Tsar Simeon I between 893-927. This was known as the Golden Age of Bulgaria. The second Empire began in 1155AD and ruled for 70 years. In 1396, the Ottoman Empire overcame Bulgaria and ruled for over 500 years. The country slowly became divided and, even though the people of Bulgaria tried to rebel throughout the years, they lost the battle each time.
Following the Balkan War in 1876, Bulgaria began to rebel again against the Ottoman Empire and in 1877, both Russia and Bulgaria declared war from which Bulgaria gained its independence and the treaty of San Stefano was signed on March 3rd, 1878. During both world wars, Bulgaria tried to remain neutral but eventually became Germany's ally in both wars. Bulgaria was also the only other country besides Denmark that refused to send the Jewish population that occupied the country to Hitler's concentration camps during the war.
Bulgaria is a very beautiful country that is becoming more popular and becoming more of a tourist attraction. It is the oldest country in Europe, dating back before the Roman Empire and the only country in Europe whose name has not been changed at any point.
The largest city, which is also the capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia. This is also the oldest capital in Europe, dating back to 7,000 years ago. The main tourism in Bulgaria is from the Eastern Europeans and it is recognized for being a land of mountains, as well as beaches and ski resorts. There are over 250 historic landmarks to visit in Bulgaria, which include, the Rila Monastery (one of the most important historical monuments in Bulgaria), Thracian Tomb of Kazanak, Boyana Church and the Ancient City of Nessebar.
Bulgaria National Anthem
Dear Motherland (Mila Rodino)
Proud Balkan Mountains,
next to it the Danube sparkles,
the sun shines over Thrace,
and blazes over Pirin.
you are heaven on earth,
your beauty, your loveliness,
ah, they are boundless.
Countless fighters died,
for our beloved nation,
mother, give us manly strength
to continue their path.