History of the Portugal Flag
The Portugal Flag consists of two vertical bands in the colors of green and red. The two bands are not equally divided and the green band on the left hand side of the flag is smaller than the red band. In the middle of the color boundary, there is a lesser version of Portugal’s national coat of arms. The green color represents the hope the country has for the future and the red color represents the blood that was shed during the battle that caused the death of numerous Patriots and abolished the monarchy.
The national coat of arms features a red shield that is surrounded by yellow straps and it has seven small yellow castles in it. In the center of the red shield is a white shield that contains five small blue shields inside it, which all have white dots in them. The small blue shields represent the five Morisco Kings (or five Moorish Kings) that Don Afonso Henriques (the first King of Portugal) defeated in the "Ourique Battle."
The white shield was Don Afonso Henriques armor, and, according to legend, whilst he was in battle, Christ came before him and said, "with this sign (the white shield), you will conquer!" The seven castles that are in the red shield represent the seven castles that Don Afonso Henriques had to conquer for his victory. The Portugal flag was adopted on June 30th, 1911, following the abolishment of the monarchy.
The Portugal flag used to be in the colors of blue and white and it was suggested that the colors were changed to red and green to signify the change of control and the new state. It was also suggested that red should "be present as one of the main colors, because it is the battling, warm, virile, color par excellence. It is the color of conquest and laughter. A singing, burning, joyful color…Recalls the idea of blood and urges to achieve victory."
Portugal is a country that is located in Southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and Spain and the capital and largest city is called Lisbon. The second largest city in Portugal is called Porto (where Portugal's name is derived from) and is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Portugal is a country that has endured many wars and been invaded many times but it is also a country that played a major role during the Age of Exploration.
The Portuguese Empire is one of the longest empires in Modern Europe. During the 15th and 16th centuries, many Portuguese explorers sailed across the world, and, on their way, they made very important discoveries (they discovered Brazil), claimed many islands, invented new trade routes and they were the first country to embark in the transatlantic slave trade by bringing slaves over from West Africa.
Portugal National Anthem
The Portuguese Hymn (A Portuguesa)
Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Brave, immortal nation,
Raise today once more
Amidst the mists of memory,
O Fatherland, the voice is heard
Of your egregious forefathers,
That shall lead you to victory!
To arms, to arms!
Over the land, over the sea,
To arms, to arms!
To fight for our Fatherland!
Against the cannons, march, march!
Hoist the undefeated Flag,
In the lively light of your sky!
May Europe cry out to the whole Earth:
Portugal has not perished
Your merry ground
The Ocean kisses, roaring with love,
And your victorious arm
Gave new worlds to the World!
Salute the Sun that rises
Over a gleeful future;
Let the echo of an offense
Be the sign for a comeback.
Rays of this strong dawn
Are like a mother's kisses,
That keep us, sustain us,
Against the injuries of fate.