History of the Bermuda Flag
The Bermuda flag was adopted on October 4, 1910. The flag is red with the Union flag in the upper left corner as Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory. The coat of arms of Bermuda is in the lower right of the flagand features a badge that is white and green with a red lion holding a shield. The shield signifies the sinking of the ship called the Sea Venture in 1609 about a mile off the coastline of Bermuda and the heroism of Admiral George Somers who deliberately crashed the ship to save the passengers on the ship from a hurricane. The survivors of this crash became the first settlers on the island. Within the Union Jack portion of the flag, the red color signifies valor, strength, hardiness, and bravery, the blue color signifies vigilance, justice, truth and perseverance, and the white color signifies peace.
On the coat of arms of some versions of the flag is the Latin inscription "Quo Fata Farunt" (Wither the Fates Carry).
Most British Overseas Territories use a blue background or ensign for use on land, but Bermuda followed how the Union of South Africa (before 1928) and Canada (before 1965) used a red ensign in the early 1900's as local flags on land. The Governor of Bermuda has his own flag which features the coat of arms of Bermuda in the middle on top of the Union flag which stretches across the entire flag, which is traditional for Governors of British Overseas Territories. For the state ensign, a blue background is used with the coat of arms of Bermuda on the right corner and the Union flag in the left corner.
Bermuda is located in the western North Atlantic Ocean and is a self-governing British Overseas Territory. It is an extensive group of islands which includes 170 named rocks and islets and seven main islands. It was first settled in 1609. At the beginning of the 21st century, there were some Bermudians who wanted independence from Great Britain. There was a commission established by the government in 2004 to discuss the issue, but it did not gain much support as the 2002 British Territories Act had allowed citizens of Bermuda to have full British citizenship which would not continue to happen if Bermuda became independent.
International financial services and tourism are the two main sources of income for the country and employ most people in Bermuda. About 500,000 tourists, mainly from the United States, visit Bermuda each year. Bermuda’s unique sandy beaches with their pink color from crushed shells and coral are world famous. The historic town of St George is another major tourist attraction along with its fortifications. Tourists also love to visit Bermuda's Crystal and Fantasy Caves, in Hamilton Parish where you can go down over 120 feet below the earth's surface and take in extraordinary crystal formations and a subterranean lake.