History of the Moroccan Flag
The Morocco flag consists of a red field with a green five pointed star (pentagram) with a black border in the middle of it. The color red is a very significant and important color in Morocco and represents the Royal Alaouite Dynasty. From the 17th century when the Alaouite Dynasty ruled, the national flags were always plain red. The color red also represents "hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor." The green star, which is also referred to as the "Seal of Solomon" was added on the Morocco flag in 1915 and was included to represent "love, truth, peace, freedom and justice" as well as representing the five pillars of Islam. The "Seal Of Solomon" or "Sulayman's Seal" differentiates the Morocco flag from other flags of Islamic nations. The color green is used for the star as green represents Islam and red and green are the traditional colors of the Arabic flags. The Morocco flag was officially adopted on November 17th, 1915.
Morocco is a country located in Northwestern Africa and shares borders with Spain, Algeria, Western Sahara, and the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. It is just one of three countries that shares a border with both the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. The capital city of Morocco is Rabat. Rabat was not made a capital until 1913. The largest city in Morocco is Casablanca and other well-known, large cities include, Tangier, Sale, Fes, and Marrakech, which is also referred to as the "Red City" as all year sun protection and headgear are required. A large part of Morocco is covered by the Sahara Desert and a large part of the country is mountainous, which include the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains. The Atlas Mountains range from the Northeast of Morocco, to the Southwest, which divide the country into sections, which are, The High Atlas, Anti-Atlas, and Middle Atlas.
Morocco, since 1549 has been ruled by Dynasties. The current dynasty ruling today is the Alaouite Dynasty, who have ruled since 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish Zones and it became a French Protectorate, until it gained its independence from France in 1956.
Morocco's economy is mainly reliant on mining, agriculture, fishing, and tourism. Approximately 10,000,000 tourists visit the country each year. The main cities of Morocco that attracts tourists are Casablanca and Marrakech. Casablanca is the home to Morocco's largest mosque, "Hassan II Mosque," which was built in the 1990s. Marrakech is home to Djemma el-fna Square which is a plaza full of stalls, musicians, snake charmers, and acrobats and is where the majority of the city seem to congregate during the day. Another very popular tourist attraction is the "Kairaouine Mosque" which is also the world's oldest university and was built in 857AD by Fatima al-Fihri. The city of Meknes is visited often by archaeologists and historians as it is home to "Volubilis" which is a Roman Ruin, full of history and culture.
Morocco National Anthem
Fountain of Freedom, Source of Light
Where sovereignty and safety meet,
Safety and sovereignty May you ever combine!
You have lived among nations With title sublime,
Filling each heart, Sung by each tongue,
Your champion has risen And answered your call.
In my mouth And in my blood
Your breezes have stirred Both light and fire.
Up! my brethren, Strive for the highest.
We call to the world That we are here ready.
We salute as our emblem
God, Homeland, and King.