History of the Serbian Flag
The Serbia Flag features three horizontal bands in the colors of red, blue, and white. Towards the left side of the flag, the Serbia coat of arms is displayed. The Coat of arms features a two-headed eagle on a red shield (that has a crown on top) and on the eagle, is a smaller red shield that is divided into quarters by a white cross. In each quarter of the shield is the Cyrillic letter "C." The letters together mean "Samo Sloga Srbina Spasava" which translates as "only unity will save the Serbs."
The colors used on the Serbia flag are the Pan-Slavic colors that represent freedom and revolutionary ideals. The Serbia flag is inspired from the Russian Flag and an inverted version of the Russian Flag. The Serbians wanted the Russian flag to show their gratitude for the help they received from the Russians during the war. The Serbia flag used today was adopted on November 11th, 2010, which makes it one of the newest flags.
Serbia is a landlocked country that is located in Southeastern Europe and shares borders with Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Albania. Its capital and largest city is called Belgrade which is also one of the oldest cities in Europe.
Serbia (which translates as "Land of the Serbs") is a country that has had a history of foreign invasions and ownerships. In 1389, following the "Battle of Kosovo" when the Turks beat Serbia, Serbia was under the control of the Ottoman Empire for almost 500 years. It became an independent state in 1878, following the Russo-Turkish war when Russia defeated the Ottomans. During WWI, in 1915, the Germans invaded Serbia with the help of Austrian and Bulgarian forces and in 1918, following the war, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vojvodina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Macedonia joined together and formed the "Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes."
In 1929, this became known as "Yugoslavia." From 1918, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was ruled under a monarchy until it was overthrown in 1945. During WWII, the Germans, once again, invaded and captured Belgrade. During this period, concentration camps for Jews were organized and approximately 40,000 were killed.
During WWII, Yugoslavia lost approximately 1,700,000 people which makes it one of the countries that suffered the greatest losses. In 1992, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia collapsed due to a number of wars following independence declarations by Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and on April 28th, 1992, Serbia and Montenegro formed to create the new republic until June 3rd, 2006 when Montenegro declared independence followed by Serbia declaring independence on June 5th, 2006. This was the first time Serbia used its name since 1918.
Serbia National Anthem
God of Justice (Boze pravde)
God of Justice; Thou who saved us
when in deepest bondage cast,
Hear Thy Serbian children's voices,
Be our help as in the past.
With Thy mighty hand sustain us,
Still our rugged pathway trace;
God, our hope; protect and cherish
Serbian lands and Serbian race!
Bind in closest links our kindred
Teach the love that will not fail,
May the loathed fiend of discord
Never in our ranks prevail.
Let the golden fruits of union
Our young tree of freedom grace;
God, our Master! guide and prosper
Serbian lands and Serbian race!
Lord! Avert from us Thy vengeance,
Thunder of Thy dreaded ire;
Bless each Serbian town and hamlet,
Mountain, meadow, heart and spire.
When our host goes forth to battle
Death or victory to embrace-
God of armies! be our leader
Strengthen then the Serbian race!
On our sepulchre of ages
Breaks the resurrection morn,
From the slough of direst slavery
Serbia anew is born.
Through five hundred years of durance
We have knelt before Thy face,
All our kin, O God! deliver,
Thus entreats the Serbian race!