United Nations Flag
History of the United Nations Flag
The United Nations Flag features a light blue field with the white United Nations Emblem in the center, which is the world map and is surrounded by two olive branches. The light blue color of the flag was chosen as it is considered to be the opposite of red (which symbolizes the color of war). The two olive branches are a symbol of peace as is the color white. The United Nations Flag represents all the countries of the world at peace together and was adopted on December 7th, 1946.
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that was established on October 24th, 1945 and was established to maintain the peace throughout the countries. It was created following WWII and the four primary reasons for establishing The United Nations organization are: "To keep world peace, to help countries get along, to improve living conditions and to make the world a better place." The organization was established in order for all the nations to be able to discuss problems calmly, rather than through war.
At the end of WWI, the "League of Nations" was formed by various countries to keep the peace. There were still countries, however, that preferred to go to war to solve the differences, such as, Germany, Japan, and Italy, and due to this, the league failed. During WWII, the Allied Powers called themselves the United Nations, and when they gained victory they formed the organization, which originally began with 51-member nations and now has 193 member nations. The United Nations has six principal organs which are, United Nations General Assembly (they decide on the admission of new nations as well as being the deliberative assembly of all the members), United Nations Secretariat (the administrative body of the United Nations who prepares reports, budgets etc. and supports the other nation members), The International Court of Justice (the universal court for the international laws that can decide on conflicts with member states), United Nations Security Council (responsible for maintaining the peace and the security internationally and is considered the most important "organ"), United Nations Economic and Social Council (this deals with the economic and social issues, such as standard of living, education, health issues, human rights etc. between the members), and the United Nations Trusteeship Council which has been inactive since 1994 but was originally formed to deal with colonial possessions. Any decisions that are made between the nations have to be agreed by the General Assembly.
The United Nations have formed many agencies to try and improve the world and peacekeeping such as, UNICEF (United Nations Children Fund) who work for the welfare of children around the world, UNDP (United Nations Development Program), which is the agency responsible for helping countries after natural disasters by sending medicines or food etc., WHO (World Health Organization) who are responsible for health emergencies around the world, i.e. the Ebola Virus, FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) who are responsible for helping farmers with their produce and crops following floods or disease, and WB (World Bank) who are responsible for providing funds to help the least developed countries. It is an establishment and organization trying to unite all the nations in the world to form a friendly, peaceful, and harmonious union.