History of the Burundi Flag
The Burundi flag was adopted on the June 28th, 1967 and features a white diagonal cross that divides the flag into four parts. The upper and lower sections are red, while the right and left sections are green. In the middle, there is a white circle with three red stars in the center that are outlined in green. The white of the flag represents peace and harmony, the green symbolizes hope for the country, and the red color signifies the suffering and struggle that the country endured to achieve independence. The three red stars have two different meanings – They represent the 3 ethnic groups in the country, which are, The Hutu, The Twa and The Tutsi as well as representing the national motto, which is "Unite, Travail, Progres," which translates as Unity, Work and Progress.
For over 200 years, Burundi was an independent country inhabited by the Hutu, Twa and Tutsi who occupied it for over 500 years but in 1890, it became part of German East Africa. During this period, the Burundi flag was the flag of Germany. Following World War I, in 1916, the Belgian army invaded, and occupied Burundi and it became part of the Burundi Congo until 1962. On July 1st, 1962, Burundi finally became independent. This date still remains a very important day now for the country.
Following its independence, the Burundi flag was the same as it is now, but instead of the stars in the middle, there was a black drum, referred to as "Karyenda" which was the symbol of the King. In 1966, it changed again when the color of the drum changed to red. On November 29th, 1966, the flag changed again after the collapse of the monarchy and instead of the drum in the center, it was replaced by the Sorghum plant which was very important and symbolic of the agriculture. On June 28th, 1967, the plant was replaced with the three stars that are still on the Burundi flag today.
Burundi is a landlocked county in Central Africa and shares borders with Rwanda, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is a very poor country that heavily relies on agriculture for the economy. The capital city of Burundi is Bujumbara which is home to the Independence Monument which shares the history and the struggle with French, Belgian and German rulers. Burundi's landscape consists mainly of hills, valleys and banana plantations and it is home to the Lake Tanganyika which is the second oldest freshwater lake in the world by volume and by depth.
It is also home the "Chutes de la Kagera" (Kagera waterfalls) and the Rusizi River National Park where hundreds of different animal's dwell and is a major tourist attraction in the country.