History of the Mauritania Flag
The Mauritania Flag features a green background with a gold crescent positioned in the center and a gold star above the crescent. There are two red horizontal bands, one at the top of the flag and the other at the bottom of the Mauritania Flag. The Green color represents Islam as well as symbolizing prosperity and progress and the gold color represents the sand of the Sahara Desert. The crescent and the star are also both symbols of Islam.
The red stripes were not added to Mauritania Flag until 2017, following a referendum, and they were included to represent "The efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory." When the Mauritania flag was first adopted on April 1st, 1959, it was the same as the current flag, except it did not have the two red bands. The current Mauritania flag was adopted on August 15th, 2017.
Mauritania is located in Western Africa (the 11th largest country in Africa), that shares borders with the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, and Senegal. The capital and largest city is called Nouakchott which is also one of the newest capital cities in the world. The capital was built for approximately 15,000 people but now, approximately 2,000,000 people occupy the area which make it a very densely populated city. The majority of Mauritania (90%) is actually within the Sahara Desert.
In 1895 the French took control of Mauritania and the French West Africa was formed which included Cote D'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, and Senegal at first. At a later date, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mauritania also joined the federation. It was part of French West Africa, first as a protectorate and then as a colony. The federation ended in 1958 and Mauritania gained its independence on November 28th, 1960.
Since gaining independence, there have still been plenty of conflicts and wars, including the Western Sahara war (1975-1979) and the Mauritania-Senegal border war (1989-1991). Mauritania's economy is mainly reliant on agriculture and livestock.
It is not a very popular tourist destination despite some of the beautiful attractions that it is home to, which include "Banc d'Arguin National Park." This is one of the top attractions that Mauritania has and as well as being home to one of the largest bird sanctuaries in the world, it is home to many sand dunes, small islands, and coastal swamps. Another popular attraction is the "Port de Peche" which is a famous colorful boardwalk and fishing port in Nouakchott. The richest fishing waters in the world are found in Mauritania. The ancient trading centre in Mauritania was known as Chinguetti, and it is now a popular place to visit to see ancient and monumental towers and fortresses that were built during Medieval times.
Mauritania National Anthem
National Anthem of Mauritania
Be a helper for God, and censure what is forbidden, And turn with the law which, which He wants you to follow, Hold no one to be useful or harmful, except for Him, And walk the path of the chosen one, and die while you are on it! For what was sufficient for the first of us, is sufficient for the last one, too. And leave those people who do evil things with respect to God. They misrepresented him by making him similar, and made all kinds of excuses. They made bold claims, and blackened notebooks. They let the nomads and the sedentary people, both make bitter experiences, And the great sins of their [doctrinal] innovations bequeathed small. And just in case a disputant, calls you to dispute about their claims, Do not, then, dispute on them, except by way of an external dispute.