History of the Zambia Flag
The Zambia Flag features a green field that has an orange eagle in the top right-hand corner of the flag and below it is a block of three vertical stripes, in the colors of red, black, and orange. The red color represents Zambia's struggle for freedom, the black color represents the Zambian people and the orange color represents the country's natural resources and wealth (mainly copper). The eagle, as well as being Zambia's national symbol, also represents the "people's ability to rise above the problems." The Zambia Flag was adopted on October 24th, 1964, when the country gained independence.
Zambia is a landlocked country that is located in Southern Africa and shares borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola. The capital and largest city of Zambia is called Lusaka. Zambia was formerly known as Northern Rhodesia, and, following its independence, when its name was changed, Zambia was named after the Zambezi River. Zambia was first inhabited by the Khoisan people until The Bantu people began to settle the area. Europeans did not reach the area until the late 18th century when the Portuguese explorer Francisco de Lacerda arrived. More Europeans began to arrive and settle during the 19th century. In 1855, Scottish explorer David Livingstone arrived with the intentions of ending the slave trade through the "3 Cs" which were, Christianity, Commerce, and Civilization. He was the first European that saw what is now, the country's most famous landmark, the waterfalls on the Zambezi River. David Livingstone gave the waterfalls the name "Victoria Falls" after the Queen of England, Queen Victoria. David Livingstone described the waterfalls as "Scenes so lovely they must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight." In 1888, Northern Rhodesia was proclaimed a "British Sphere of Influence" and in 1924, it became a British Protectorate. During its time as a protectorate, Livingstone was the capital of the country. Northern Rhodesia gained independence and became the Republic of Zambia on October 24th, 1964.
Zambia is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world. It is the biggest copper producer in Africa which contributes a large portion to the country's economy. As well as the copper produce, the country's economy is very dependent on its agriculture and on tourism. The main tourist attraction of Zambia is the Mosi-O-Tunya National Park which is home to the Victoria Falls as well as many endangered species, such as the warthog, antelope, giraffes, and rhinos, amongst others. The Victoria Falls are also referred to as "Mosi-O-Tunya" or "thundering smoke" and are the largest waterfalls in the world and were recognized as being one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Livingstone museum is another landmark that is often visited that is located on the island Livingstone (named after David Livingstone) which is near Victoria Falls and displays much of Zambia's history as well as some possessions of David Livingstone.