History of the Laos Flag
The Laos flag consists of three horizontal blocks in the colors of red, blue, and red. The blue block is double the size of the two red blocks. In the middle of the blue block is a white circle. The red blocks of color represent the battle and blood lost in the country's fight for independence from the French, the blue color represents wealth, and the white circle represents the union of the Lao People as well as the full moon against the Mekong River. The Laos flag was adopted on December 2nd, 1975, but was actually designed in 1945 by Mahasila Viravong.
Laos is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia that shares borders with Myanmar, China Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. Laos's name used to be "Lan Xang" which translates as "Kingdom of A Million Elephants." The capital of Laos is called "Vientiane." The majority of the country is covered by mountains or forests and it is considered one of the poorest countries as a lot of the country and the homes do not even have electricity or running water. A lot of the forests that surround the country are being destroyed or burnt to create room for agriculture.
History in Laos is thought to date back 10,000 years. Between 1353-1371, King Fa Ngoum invaded and conquered Laos. In 1560, King Setthathirath ruled the country and in the 17th Century (also considered Laos "Golden Age"), King Souliyavongsa ruled. Following King Souliyavongsa's rule, the country became divided into 3 Kingdoms, which were: Luang Prabang, Vientiane, and Champassack. The fact that the country was divided made it the ultimate target for invasion and during the 18th Century, following invasion, Laos was under Siamese domination.
In 1893, Laos became part of the French colony until it declared independence in 1950. It was still not considered independent by France and was officially declared independent in 1975 following a civil war that also coincided with the Vietnamese War. Despite being independent from France, the capital, Vientiane still has a lot of French influence in the architecture, wide boulevards, and some French legacies.
Laos is home to many beautiful attractions and despite being a landlocked country, there are plenty of beaches in "Si Phan Don" which translates as "4,000 islands" and is located in Southern Laos. Another attraction is the "Nong Fa Lake" (translates as "blue lake") which is located in the mountains in Southeast Laos. The natives refuse to swim in this lake (even though tourists do) because according to legend, a man-eating monster lives at the bottom of the lake and it is still very feared today. The most popular attractions are located in Luang Prabang (formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Laos until 1975). This old city features old temples, palaces, and museums that explain some of the country’s history.
Laos National Anthem
National Anthem of Laos (Pheng Xat Lao)
For all time the Lao people have glorified their Fatherland,
United in heart, spirit and vigour as one.
Resolutely moving forwards,
Respecting and increasing the dignity of the Lao people
And proclaiming the right to be their own masters.
The Lao people of all origins are equal
And will no longer allow imperialists and traitors to harm them.
The entire people will safeguard the independence
And the freedom of the Lao nation.
They are resolved to struggle for victory
In order to lead the nation to prosperity.