History of the Chad Flag
The flag of Chad features 3 vertical bands with the colors, blue, yellow, and red. Those colors are used to represent a fusion of the French tricolor flag (red and blue) and the Pan-African colors (red and yellow). The blue color is symbolic for hope and strength, the yellow color symoblizes the sun, and the red signifies the blood that was shed in the struggle for independence as well as harmony. The Chad flag is almost the same as the Romanian flag (the shade of blue used is slightly darker) and it was adopted on November 6th, 1959.
In 1891, Chad was invaded by France and in 1899, it was finally conquered and became a French protectorate. Following World War II, in 1946, Chad began to fight against France for their freedom. They fought for many years, but didn't gain freedom until August, 11th 1960. During the years of being a French protectorate, the French flag was raised and used in the country. Despite gaining independence, Chad struggled and still does with conflicts, mainly between the Muslims and the Christians in the country.
Chad is a landlocked country in Africa (the largest landlocked country) and it shares borders with Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Nigeria. The Sahara Desert covers at least one third of the country. N'Djamena is the largest city in Chad and is also the capital city with many enchanting landmarks that include, The Grand Mosque and Cathedral and Avenue Charles De Gaulle.
Chad's name derived from Lake Chad, which is the 17th largest lake in the world and the 2nd largest lake in Africa. It is a very important source of water for Chad and some of the neighboring countries. Since 1963, the lake has shrunk by 95% but it still remains one of the major tourist attractions. Another main tourist attraction in Chad are the Lakes of Ounianga which feature 18 lakes of various colors, including, red, blue, and green. Another landmark and attraction is the Emi Koussi, which is a dormant volcano that is the highest point in Chad and in the Sahara.
Chad is also referred to as the "Dead Heart of Africa" due to its proximity to the deserts and is also known as "The Babel Tower" as it is home to over 200 ethnic groups and over 100 languages with much cultural diversity. As well as the diverse culture, the geography of Chad is quite diverse as it includes, beaches, mountains, lakes and deserts. Unfortunately, Chad is also considered to be one of the poorest and most corrupt countries and it is thought that there are over 147,000 children in Chad that are suffering from malnutrition. The main primary source of the economy since 2003 has been crude oil, followed by cotton.