History of the Bosnia-Herzegovina flag
The Bosnia-Herzegovina flag has a blue background with seven stars crossing the flag both diagonally and vertically. Five of the stars have 5 points and the other two stars (top and bottom one) are half-stars. To the right of the stars is a yellow, isosceles triangle that stretches from the top of the flag to the bottom.
The three colors used on the flag, represent peace, generosity, justice and trust. The three points of the triangle symbolize the groups of people that make up the nation, who are, Bosniacs, Croats and Serbs. The white stars stand for Europe and the half star is used at the top and bottom to depict the stars as infinite.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in South-Eastern Europe which shares a border with Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea. It is a country that has a long history of war and struggle for independence. Bosnia and Herzegovina, used to be part of the Roman Empire and when that collapsed it became the Kingdom of Bosnia. However, in 1463, Bosnia and Herzegovina was taken over and ruled by the Ottoman Turks until the late 1800s when it became part of Austria-Hungary. Shortly after, following World War I, it became a part of Yugoslavia after World War II when Yugoslavia became a communist country.
Following the collapse of communism in 1991, the Bosniaks and Croats were seeking independence from Yugoslavia, which led to a war from 1991-1995. The bloody war killed over 250,000 people and 2,000,000 people lost their homes and possessions as a result.
On April 5th, 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence but the Bosnia-Herzegovina flag that is in use today was not adopted until February 4th, 1998. Between 1992-1998, a different flag was used which was the coat of arms used by the Kings of Bosnia during the Kotromanic Dynasty. It was blue with a white diagonal line in the middle and on each side were 3 gold "fleur de lys" (a lily which was used as a religious, dynastic or political emblem). However, in 1998, it was thought that the six fleur de lys on the flag only represented the Bosniaks and a new flag was created to represent the 3 groups that make up the nation.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is also referred to as the "Heart Shaped Land," due to the shape of the country slightly resembling a heart. The largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo, which is also the capital city. It has been recognized as one of the top ten cities to visit and Bosnia and Herzegovina now has the 3rd highest tourism growth rate in the world. It is still known to be a very poor and poverty-stricken country, however tourism is helping to boost their economy.