History of the Mexican Flag
The Mexican flag features three vertical bands in the colors of green, white, and red. In the middle of the white band, the Mexican coat of arms is displayed which features an eagle sitting on a cactus, holding a serpent in its talons. The Mexico flag was adopted on September 16th, 1968 but the colors that are used on the flag have been used since 1821. When the colors were first adopted in 1821, when Mexico gained independence, the green color represented independence, the white color represented Roman Catholicism, and the red color represents the bloodshed and battle fought for independence.
Today, the green color represents hope and victory, the white color represents purity, and the red color represents union. The Mexian flag was first designed by an army general named Agustin de Iturbide and the red, white, and green were the colors of the liberation army. Throughout the years, despite maintaining the same colors, there have been alterations to the flag. The first flag used, adopted on November 2nd, 1821, had the same colors but the eagle in the center wore a crown. The second official flag used in 1823 had the same three vertical bands but the eagle no longer wore a crown. The 3rd official flag, adopted in 1864, again, used the same colors but instead of an eagle in the center of the flag, there was a crowned eagle in each corner.
Mexico (which is also known as Estados Unidos Mexicanos – United Mexican States) is a country in North America that shares borders with America, Guatemala, and Belize. The border between America and Mexico is the second longest border in the world. The capital city of Mexico is Mexico City which is the oldest city in North America. The region that Mexico is located, is known as the "Ring of Fire" due to the violent volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.
In Ancient times, many different cultures resided in Mexico which included, Olmec Culture, Mayans, and Aztecs who resided for approximately 13,000 years. In 1519, Mexico came under Spanish control when Hernan Cortes came to Mexico. It was under Spanish Control for almost 300 years, until the Mexican people revolted against the Spanish, which was led by Father Hidalgo on September 16th, 1810. The Spanish surrendered in 1821, and Mexico obtained its independence. Due to this, Father Hidalgo, is considered to be, the father of modern Mexico.
Mexico is a popular tourist destination and tourism contributes to a lot of the economy. As well as the beautiful beaches that it is home to, Mexico is also home to some grand, historical and monumental buildings, which include "El Angel" which is the Angel of Independence Monument in the capital that was built in 1900 and represents the country's independence and victory
Mexico National Anthem
National Anthem of Mexico (Himno Nacional Mexicano)
Mexicans, at the cry of war,
make ready the steel and the bridle,
and the earth trembles at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon.
and the earth trembles at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon!
Let gird, oh Fatherland, your brow with olive
by the divine archangel of peace,
for in heaven your eternal destiny
was written by the finger of God.
But if some enemy outlander should dare
to profane your ground with his step,
think, oh beloved Fatherland, that heaven
has given you a soldier in every son.
War, war without quarter to any who dare
to tarnish the coat of arms!
War, war! Let the national banners
be soaked in waves of blood.
War, war! In the mountain, in the valley,
let the cannons thunder in horrid unison
and may the sonorous echoes resound
with cries of Union! Liberty!
O, Motherland, ere your children, defenseless
bend their neck beneath the yoke,
may your fields be watered with blood,
may their foot be printed in blood.
And may your temples, palaces and towers
collapse with horrid clamor,
and may their ruins continue on, saying:
Of one thousand heroes, here the Motherland began.
Motherland! Motherland! your children swear to you
to breathe their last for your sake,
if the bugle with its warlike accent
persuades them to battle with courage.
For you, olive wreathes!
A memory for them of glory!
For you, a laurel of victory!
A tomb for them of honor!