History of the Poland Flag
The Poland flag consists of two horizontal bands. The top half of the flag is white and the bottom half of the flag is red. The red and white colors are associated with Poland’s Coat of arms and were officially adopted as the national colors in 1831. The white color represents the hope for peace by the people of Poland and the red color represents socialism.
One of the reasons the red and white colors were made the official colors of the country was in order to pay respect to the soldiers that fought for Poland as those were the colors that they wore on their uniform. The colors were included on the Coat of Arms in the form of a white eagle (the national symbol) and a red shield. The Poland flag was officially adopted on August 1st, 1919.
Poland is a country that is located in Central Europe and shares borders with Slovakia, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Germany. It is thought that Poland is the largest country in Central Europe. The capital and largest city of Poland is Warsaw. Poland is a country that has fought many battles and invasions throughout history and did not even have recognition as a country for a number of years.
In 1569, Poland was a thriving country. It formed a union with Lithuania, known as the Poland-Lithuanian commonwealth and it became the largest state in Europe. In 1795, the commonwealth dissolved and, as a result of this, the Polish nation did not have a country for 123 years until they regained independence following WWI, in 1918. On November 11th, 1918 Poland declared independence from Russia and from 1937, Polish Independence Day became a national holiday (though it was forbidden between the years 1939-1989 while it was under a communist government).
In 1921, Poland defeated the Soviet Union in the Polish-Soviet war, that began in 1919, still maintaining their independence. During WWII, however, Poland once again lost their independence when the USSR and Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Poland. Hitler brought his army to Poland and concentration camps were formed. Despite the invasion, the Polish continued to fight and revolt against the opposition, which resulted in them forming the largest resistance movement in Nazi-occupied Europe.
The Polish saved more Jewish lives during the Holocaust than anywhere else or any other organization. At the end of WWII, Poland became a communist country even though it was under the control of the Soviet Union and dictator Joseph Stalin and finally gained full independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tourism contributes greatly to the country's economy with the most popular cities being Krakow, Warsaw, Gdansk. Tourists visit Poland, mainly for the historic sites, which include the concentration camp formed by Nazi Germany "Auschwitz" located in the town Oswiecim and the Wielickza salt mine, which is thought to be one of the oldest in the world.
Poland National Anthem
Poland Is Not Yet Lost (Mazurek Dabrowskiego)
Poland has not died yet
So long as we still live
That which alien force has seized
We at sabrepoint shall retrieve
March, march, Dabrowski
To Poland from Italy
Under thy command
Let us now rejoin the nation
Like Czarniecki to Poznan
Returned across the sea
To free our fatherland from chains
Fighting with the Swede
Cross the Vistula and Warta
And Poles we shall be
We've been shown by Bonaparte
Ways to victory
Germans, Muscovites will not rest
When, backsword in hand
"Concord" will be our watchword
And the fatherland will be ours
Father, in tears
Says to his Basia
Just listen, it seems that our people
Are beating the drums
All exclaim in unison
Enough of this bondage
We've got scythes from Raclawice
God will give us Kosciuszko