Congo Republic Flag
History of the Congo Republic flag
The Congo Republic flag consists of three colors: green, yellow, and red. There is a yellow diagonal band which starts from the bottom left corner of the flag and runs to the top right corner. The triangle formed above the band is green, while the triangle beneath it is red. The Congo Republic flag was adopted on the September 12th, 1959 to replace the French tricolor flag that was being used and remained this way, even when The Congo Republic became completely independent from France on August 15th, 1960. From 1880, the country was established as a French Protectorate and in 1910, it became a colony of French Equatorial Africa.
The green color of the flag symbolizes the rich agriculture of the country and the rainforests, the yellow color signifies "friendship and nobility" of the people and there has been no formal explanation for the red color. The Congo Republic flag uses the Pan-African colors and the same colors as the Ethiopian flag, which is the oldest independent country in Africa. The Congo Republic flag, is the only flag that has a diagonal design. To celebrate their independence from the French, the flag was first raised on top of the building that was the home of the French High Commission.
The present Congo Republic flag was utilized from 1959-1970. In 1968, the country was taken over by a new government and it became "The People's Republic of the Congo." From 1969–1990, the country turned to Marxism. In 1991, due to economic problems and breakdowns, the "People's Republic of the Congo" collapsed and the original flag adopted in 1959, was restored.
The Congo Republic is a country that is located in Central Africa and shares borders with Gabon, the Atlantic Ocean, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda.
The largest and capital city is called "Brazaville" which is located on the Congo River. Brazzaville obtained its name from the French explorer, Pierre Savorgnande Brazza, who helped establish the country as a French Protectorate. The capital city faces the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Kinshasa) making them the two closest capitals, following Rome and the Vatican City.
The Congo Republic is mainly covered by rainforest and it is home to many beautiful sights and landmarks that include, the "Diosso Gorge," which is often referred to as the "Grand Canyon of the Congo," due to its red ridges and cliffs as well as rainforest. The Basilica of St. Anne monument in Brazzaville is considered to be one of the most important religious monuments in Central Africa and the "Odzala National Park" is one of the most important areas for the conservation of forest elephants and western gorillas in Central Africa.