Equatorial Guinea Flag
History of The Equatorial Guinea flag
The Equatorial Guinea flag has been in use since 1979, and serves a representation of the young country's independence. The flag features three equally sized horizontal bands, a triangle at the left, and the country's coat of arms in the center. The triangle is blue and points inwards, and the three bands are green at the top, white in the middle, and red at the bottom.
The flag's blue triangle is positioned on the left hand, or hoist side flag and is designed to point inwards from the flagpole when the flag is hoisted. In the case of Equatorial Guinea, the blue triangle represents an arrow which connects the country's island and mainland parts. The blue color represents the sea.
The Portuguese navigator Fernando Po is thought to be the first European to set foot in Equatorial Guinea, which is located in the south Atlantic Ocean, off the west coast of Africa. He gave his name to one of the islands which form part of the country. Fernando Po was in search of a sea route to India. He was one of the first explorers to set off from a European country to find wealth in the New World. He landed in what is now called Bioko in 1472, 20 years before Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas. Bioko is one of the six islands that form Equatorial Guinea, and is represented as a star on the country's coat of arms.
The other five stars on the Equatorial Guinea flag represent the country's mainland and four of its largest islands. These territories were transferred from the Portuguese to the Spanish empire in 1778. The area was a vital part of the slave trade which fueled the growth of the Portuguese, Spanish, and British empires. Equatorial Guinea is now valued as having Africa's largest oil reserves.
The green band at the top of this flag represents the natural beauty of the country, the white band represents peace, and the red represents the bloodshed by freedom fighters who won independence. As with most countries in Africa, Equatorial Guinea's valuable natural resources have been and continue to be highly sought after. The country has seen a lot of violence and upheaval, as foreign powers vie for its oil reserves resources.
Equatorial Guinea has been under the rule of many empires, and is a french-speaking country. The motto on the coat of arms of the Equatorial Guinea flag reads Unidad, Paz, Justicia, or unity, peace, and justice. In combination with the flag's other symbols, these words symbolize both the country's past and hopeful future.