History of the Russian Flag
The Russia Flag consists of three horizontal bands, in the colors of white, blue, and red. The flag first became official as a flag of "Tsardom of Russia" on May 11th, 1696. This flag was used until the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (or Russian Federation) was established in 1917, following the Russian revolution. During the Soviet Union existence, the national flag consisted of a plain red field with a gold hammer, sickle and star on it.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russia Flag was re-adopted and still used today since 1991. There are different interpretations of the meaning of the colors that are used on the flag. It is thought that the white color represents nobility and frankness but also represents peace. The blue color, some think, represents faithfulness and honesty, whilst others think it represents democracy and the ocean. The red color represents courage, generosity, and love but it is also thought to represent blood and the communist history.
Russia is a country in Eurasia that shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. Russia is the largest country in the world and it spans eleven time zones. Its capital city and largest city in the world is called Moscow. Russia is a country that has endured hundreds of wars and battles and been ruled by different empires, Tsars and dictators.
During the 18th Century, the Russian Empire was one of the largest empires in history and was ruled by an emperor that was known as the Tsar. In October, 1917, "The Bolsheviks" (communists) murdered the Tsar and took over the country and created Marxist communism. In 1922-1953, Russia was ruled by the dictator Josef Stalin who destroyed the country and the people of the country. His cruelty led to the starvation and death of many Russians and he was also responsible for "removing" the military people that would not be loyal to him, and the majority would be sent to prison camps.
Stalin ruled Russia until his death in 1953. During Stalin's rule, in 1941, Nazi Germany invaded, even though it had been agreed between Russia and Nazi Germany in 1939 that they would not attack. During this invasion and war (WWII), Russia lost approximately 27 million Russians, but despite this, they remained the winners of the war.
Russia is one of the top producers of gas and oil and the economy heavily relies on this. Tourism does not contribute to the economy, even though it has many points and sights of interest, which include the "Moscow Kremlin" which is the largest medieval fortress. It is also home to the "Klyuchevskaya Sopka" which is the largest active volcano in the world and is home to over 100,000 rivers, which includes the River Volga, which is the longest river in Europe.
Russia National Anthem
State Anthem of the Russian Federation
Russia -- our holy nation,
Russia -- our beloved country.
A mighty will, great glory --
These are yours for all time!
Be glorious, our free Fatherland,
Age-old union of fraternal peoples,
Popular wisdom given by our forebears!
Be glorious, our country! We are proud of you!
From the southern seas to the polar lands
Spread our forests and fields.
You are unique in the world, one of a kind --
Native land protected by God!
Wide spaces for dreams and for living
Are opened for us by the coming years
Our loyalty to our Fatherland gives us strength.
Thus it was, thus it is and always will be!