History of the Wales Flag
The Wales Flag features two equal horizontal bands in the colors of green and white with a large red dragon passant in the center of the flag. The green and white color represents the House of Tudor which was a Welsh Dynasty that once had control over the English throne and the red dragon is an emblem that has been associated with Wales for centuries. The Wales flag is also referred to as "Baner Cymru" or "Y Ddraig Goch" which translates as the "Red Dragon." The Wales flag was adopted in 1959 and it is only one of three national flags that has an illustration of a mythological creature on it.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and it shares borders with England, the Irish Sea and the Bristol Channel. The largest (the 10th largest city in Europe) and the capital of Wales is called Cardiff. Wales is known as "Cymru" in the Welsh language. It is also often referred to as "the Land of Song" as it is renowned for its harpists and male choirs.
Wales and England were invaded by the Romans who built forts, roads and mines until 410AD when Rome withdrew from Britain and it became self-governing. In 1066, during the Battle of Hastings, the Normans invaded England and Wales, but the Welsh were victorious and managed to drive the Normans out of the country. In 1087, during William II reign, the Normans continued their attack against Wales, but Wales managed to remain independent throughout this. In 1282, Edward I made Wales a part of England following his conquest. The Welsh resisted against this and fought for independence, briefly attaining it in the 15th century, until the Welsh fighter, Owain Glyndwr was defeated and England gained control of the whole of Wales.
The economy in Wales is reliant on the service sector, which is dependent a lot on tourism. Wales is home to many historic attractions, museums and monuments and is a popular destination for those that enjoy hiking in the mountains. It is thought that Wales has more castles per square mile than any other country. One of the main attractions in Wales is the "Brecon Beacons National Park" which is home to the largest cave system in Europe. The "Mynydd Llangatwg" is Britain's largest show cave and the "Ogof Fynnon Ddu" is the deepest cave in Britain. The "Chepstow Castle" is another popular attraction and is the oldest surviving Roman fortification that was erected in 1067. "Conwy Castle" was built by Edward I between 1283-1289 and was very significant and played an important role in the wars that followed. It is now considered to be one of "the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe."