History of the Bhutan Flag
The Bhutan flag was adopted in 1965. The flag is divided diagonally with the upper left triangle being yellow and the lower right triangle being orange. Along the dividing line is a large white dragon, which is holding jewels in each of its four claws. The color yellow represents the monarchy, the color white symbolizes purity, and the color orange is symbolic of the Drupa monasteries. The jewels that the dragon is holding, signify the wealth of the protection of the people in Bhutan and the mouth of the dragon stands for the strength of the people who strive to protect the country. The basis of the Bhutan flag is tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. It is one of two flags in the world that has a dragon on it (the other being the Welsh flag).
The dragon is very symbolic to the country of Bhutan as it represents its name. In the national language, Bhutan is called "DrukYal," which translates as "Land of the Dragon." It has this name due to the loud thunderstorms through the valleys, and some people still believe that thunder is actually the voice of a roaring dragon.
Bhutan is a very small and isolated landlocked country in South Asia, in the Eastern Himalayas. It shares a border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, Sikkim state of India, Chumbi Valley of Tibet, Arunachal Pradesh State in India, State of Assam and North Bengal. Its largest city and the capital is Thimphu. Bhutan is the most sacred country in Asia and the main religion is Buddhism, which was introduced in the 7th Century AD, with the second religion being Hinduism. It was only recognized in 1974 as a country by the United Nations.
The country is run by a King, Prime minister and Parliament and only allowed foreigners to enter the country in 1974 (but it is law that the people of Bhutan are not allowed to marry foreigners). It has the least-developed economy and solely relies on agriculture and farming as its main industry.
Bhutan has some of the strictest laws in the world protecting animals and the environment. For example, if anyone is seen or caught killing an endangered species, in Bhutan they will be sentenced to life imprisonment. The people of Bhutan and their monarch hold very high respect to the environment that even hiking, and mountain climbing is forbidden. This means that the mountain "Gangkhar Puensum" that is the highest point in Bhutan is also the highest mountain in the world that has never been climbed.
Bhutan remains a very traditional country and the men and women are still expected to dress in the traditional clothing. The men must wear knee-length garments and the women must wear ankle-length dresses. It is the only country in the world that measures national happiness since the King affirmed the policy of "gross national happiness" making the wellbeing and happiness of the people more important than money. It is also the only country where all citizens become a year older on New Year's Day and the only country where the production and sale of tobacco is banned.