History of the Mauritius Flag
The Mauritius flag features four horizontal bands in the colors of red, blue, yellow, and green. The red color represents the country's struggle for freedom and independence, the blue color represents the Indian Ocean that surrounds Mauritius, the yellow color represents the new light of independence, and the green color represents the agriculture of Mauritius. The Mauritius flag was designed by the primary school teacher, Gurudutt Moher and was adopted on March 12th, 1968. It is often referred to as "Les Quatre Bandes" which translates as "Four bands" and before the current Mauritius flag was introduced, the Union Jack flag was used.
Mauritius is an African island nation in the Indian Ocean. The island was created more than 8 million years ago through volcanic activity and is mainly surrounded by coral reefs. Mauritius is made up of many islands, with the main ones being, The Island of Rodrigues, Agalega Islands, and Cargados Carajos Shoals. It is part of the Mascarene Islands along with Rodrigues and Reunion. The capital city of Mauritius is called Port Louis and it is the wealthiest capital city in Africa. Mauritius is the richest and most densely populated country in Africa.
Mauritius was first discovered by Arab sailors and was named "Dina Arobi." In 1507, Portuguese explorer, Diogo Fernandes Pereira was the first European to arrive on the island and named it "Ilha do Cirne." In 1598, the Dutch fleet arrived in Mauritius, led by Admiral Wybrand Van Warwyk who named the island Mauritius after Prince Maurice Van Nassau who was the ruler of the Dutch republic and in 1638, the Dutch established a colony.
During the Dutch rule, sugarcane was introduced to the island. In 1710, the Dutch abandoned Mauritius and France took control of it in 1715 and renamed it "Isle De France." During the French rule, the capital Port Louis was used as a naval base by Governor Bertrand-Francois Mahede La Bourdonnais. Due to the location of the island, before the Suez Canal, Mauritius was an important base for trade from Europe to the East and this caused a lot of conflict and battles between the French and the British.
In 1810, following the Napoleonic War, the British gained control of the island and changed its name back to Mauritius until its independence in 1968. During Britain's rule, it was used as a naval base and played an important role during WWII as well as becoming the main producing sugar colony which still remains the country's largest export and income.
Mauritius is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world and has been recognised as the "World's Leading Island Destination" three times.
It is home to many beautiful white sand beaches (93 miles), which include, Flic en Flac, Pereybere, Tamarin, Blue Bay, and La Morne. The main attraction and most renowned of Mauritius, however, is the "Seven Coloured Earth" which are 7 different coloured sand dunes, which include the colors, red, brown, violet, green, purple, blue, and yellow. It is also considered a very safe country and only one of four countries that does not have any tension or conflict with its neighboring countries.
Mauritius National Anthem
Glo-o-ory to thee,
Motherland, oh motherland of mine,
Sweet is thy beauty,
Sweet is thy fragrance,
around thee we gather,
as one people,
as one nation,
In peace, justice and liberty,
Beloved country may God bless thee,
for ever and ever.