History of the Chinese Flag
The Chinese flag has a bright red background with one large yellow, 5-pointed star in the top left corner which has four smaller yellow stars next to it (in the shape of a semi-circle). Due to the vast history of China, red is a very important and symbolic color for the people, and it represents both revolution and happiness. The large yellow star, is symbolic for communism and the four smaller stars around it signify the different social classes of the Chinese people, which are, working class, peasantry class, urban petty bourgeoisie, and national bourgeoisie. The 5 points on the star are symbolic for water, fire, earth, wood, and metal. The number 5 is very important in Chinese philosophy. The color yellow was the official color of the Manchu dynasty during history and it is a very important color to the Chinese people as it represents the "yellow race." The Chinese flag is often referred to as the "Five-Star red flag."
The Chinese flag was adopted on September 27th, 1949 and was officially flown in a ceremony that declared the people's republic on October 1st, 1949. The flag was created by Zeng Liansong after a competition was held to create the nation's new flag. The requirements that had to be met when creating the flag were to make a flag that represented China's history and culture, a flag that represented the different classes of the people and the color of the flag had to be bright red.
China is the world's fourth largest country (even though it is the most populous country in the world) and is located in East Asia. It has 14 neighboring countries, which include, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, and North Korea. The capital city of China is Beijing but the largest city in the country is Shanghai. China is thought to be the oldest civilisation in the world, dating from 6,000BC and the Chinese language is the oldest language still in use in the world today. China was and still is seen as a very advanced civilisation and at one point, it was seen as the "Land of Inventions" as the Chinese invented paper, gunpowder, silk, porcelain, printing, and the compass. It is still very advanced today, and is the second biggest economy in the world, following the USA.
China is home to the famous and renowned "Great Wall of China," which is 5,500 miles long. It is the main tourist attraction in the country, with thousands from all over the world visiting each year. It stretches from the Korean Border to the Gobi Desert and it is the longest wall in the world. Another popular attraction is the "Forbidden City" in Beijing, which is a palace complex where the various dynasties through history resided. The palace is now a museum and it is thought, that the forbidden city has 9,000 rooms.
Chinese New Year is a very important celebration in China which lasts for two weeks each year. Many people from around the world visit China during this period to be a part of and experience the big celebrations that occur.
China National Anthem
March of the Volunteers
Arise! All who refuse to be slaves!
Let our flesh and blood forge into our new Great Wall!
As the Chinese nation faces its greatest peril,
All forcefully expend their last cries.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
Our million hearts beat as one,
Brave the enemy's fire, March on!
Brave the enemy's fire, March on!
March on! March on! On!