St. Vincent & Grenadines Flag
History of the St. Vincent and Grenadines Flag
The St. Vincent and Grenadines flag features three vertical bands in the colors of, blue, gold, and green. The gold band is double the width of the blue and green bands. In the center of the gold band, towards the bottom, are three diamonds in the shape of the letter "V." The blue color represents the blue sky and crystal clear waters of the country, the gold color represents the Grenadine sand and the green color represents the lush vegetation of the country. The three diamonds in the shape of a "V" represent the island of St. Vincent and they are low down to represent the country’s location in the Antilles. The St. Vincent and Grenadines flag was adopted on October 21st, 1985.
St. Vincent and Grenadines is a country in the Southern Caribbean that consists of the main island, which is St. Vincent and a chain of smaller islands. There are over 32 islands (only nine of which are inhabited) and cays (low bank of reef or coral) that make up St. Vincent. The most populated city and the capital of St. Vincent and Grenadines is called Kingstown. Kingstown is also referred to as the "City of Arches" as it is home to over 400 arches. The second largest island is Bequia which is also referred to as "Island of the Clouds." The island was given the name "St. Vincent" by Christopher Columbus when he discovered it on January 22nd, 1498 and named it after the Spanish Saint, "Saint Vincent of Saragossa." Grenadines is derived from the Spanish word for pomegranate.
The first inhabitants of St. Vincent and Grenadines were the Island Caribs who did not allow any European settlements until 1719. In 1627, the British claimed the island of St. Vincent, but it was actually the French who established the first colony at "Barrouallie" in 1719. Between 1754-1763, during the 7 years' war, the British gained control of the island after the French ceded it following the Treaty of Paris.
The British control caused a lot of conflict and friction between the British and the Island Caribs and it led to the "First Carib War" which resulted in a lot of Caribs being exiled. In 1779, the French, once again, gained control of the island until 1783, when the British regained it following the Treaty of Versailles, which caused conflict and battles again between the British and the Black Caribs from 1783-1796. On October 27th, 1969 St. Vincent and Grenadines was granted by Britain "Associate Statehood" and was granted full independence on October 2nd, 1979, following a referendum.
St. Vincent and Grenadines economy revolves around agriculture (mainly banana production) and tourism. It is a popular tourist destination mainly for snorkeling, fishing, and sailing, especially the Tobago Cay Archipelago which consists of five small islands. The capital Kingstown is another popular destination and is known for all its churches. The country became more of a tourist attraction following the "Pirates of the Caribbean" movies, that helped to expose the country.